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Friday, October 20, 2017

What you should know about borderline personality disorder (BPD)

Borderline personality disorder, is a complex psychiatric illness, the manifestations of which are very different from one person to another. Typically speaking, people who have this mental illness have significant emotional instability. They encounter difficulties in managing their emotions. They can get mad easily or get sad too fast too. They can get easily, unpredictably, and have impulsive behavior. Mood swings or an absence of emotion are common.

So who exactly has got borderline personality disorder? There are a few signs and symptoms to look for when assessing whether someone has BPD.

Signs of borderline personality disorder

Chronic feelings of emptiness – People with BPD may feel down a lot of the time.

Difficulty managing anger – Those with BPD also find it hard to control strong emotions.

Reduced capacity to foresee the consequences of its actions – It can be hard for BPD to think things through.

Doubt in one’s feelings – Someone with BPD may find it hard to trust their thoughts and emotions.

Instability in interpersonal relationships – BPD sufferers have a hard time establishing and maintaining long-term and stable relationships.

Excessive fear of abandonment – BPD people have got an irrational fear of being abandoned, and they may do excessive things to assuage their fears.

Dissociative symptoms – These kinds of symptoms can include feeling out of the body, or feeling like one has no control of the body.

Impulsive behaviors – Those with BPD are at a higher risk of engaging in dangerous behavior such as drug and alcohol abuse.

Suicidal ideation – BPD sufferers are more likely to experience and carry out suicidal thoughts.

Treatment for borderline personality disorder usually involves a mix of both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology. It means that people with BPD will see a therapist and get prescribed certain medications by a psychologist.

What sorts of drugs are used to treat borderline personality disorder?

Clozapine, Thorazine, and antipsychotics

People with a borderline personality disorder such as people with schizophrenia and other kinds of mental psychosis use antipsychotic medication as prescribed by their doctor. But clozapine and even Thorazine have found some practical use in the treatment of borderline personality disorder. It is because people with borderline personality disorder may also suffer from paranoia, which antipsychotic drugs can help out in treating. Unfortunately, these antipsychotic medications have got a lot of side-effects.  These drugs can worsen some symptoms of depression and anxiety. It happens when a person uses the wrong kind of prescribed medication or the wrong dosage. There should be extreme care when using these antipsychotic drugs. In addition to those side effects, there are also some physical ones as well, such as dizziness, upset stomach, and having a dry mouth. Prozac and other antidepressants

Antidepressants are frequently prescribed to treat those with borderline personality disorder. It is because this kind of drug can help those people with problems such as mood swings that make them feel down. The effects of Prozac and similar kinds of medications take some time to work so that it may take a few weeks until the antidepressant works.

Topiramate, Lamotrigine and mood stabilizers

Mood stabilizing drugs such as lamotrigine and topiramate can help those with borderline personality disorder. These drugs are used as a form of calming medication, as it can prevent severe mood swings. So a person who has got, borderline personality disorder, may benefit from using these kinds of medications since it can help them stabilize their mood. The problem with these kinds of drugs is that they also have got a lot of side effects. Topiramate has been known to cause dizziness and sleepiness, and the same can be said for Lamotrigine, as it has been shown to cause drowsiness. Mood stabilizing drugs, especially hypnotics such as benzodiazepines, are also very addictive. And a lot of people tend to abuse the use of these drugs.

Are there any dangers to these prescription medications for borderline personality disorder?

Unfortunately, those who take these psychoactive prescription medications are at a higher risk of addiction. It is because the brain can slowly get used to the presence of these medications within the body. Therefore, there can be a physical addiction to these kinds of medications. Without the regular use of these psychoactive medications, a person may even experience side effects. Commonly, these side effects can be insomnia, mood swings, and more. So if there is an over-reliance of the use of these prescription medications, which is a result of addiction, the person’s mental illness may even worsen.

Addiction to drugs can exacerbate mental illnesses. So if someone with borderline personality disorder, is overusing the prescription drugs, then they could make their condition even worse. It is because the improper dosage of their prescription medication can cause severe mood swings, which can further deteriorate their mental instability. So a mentally ill person who is taking too much or using the wrong amount of prescription medication can get even worse when they are addicted to their medicine. Studies have shown that mentally ill patients who have become addicted to drugs are at a higher risk of suicide, and other kinds of high-risk behavior.

How to know if someone is addicted?

Addiction to drugs does not only mean using illegal drugs. Prescription medication, especially those prescribed for mental illnesses can also become addictive. And many people who take those prescription medications can also overuse those medicines and become addicted to them. It does not matter if that person has got a prescription for medication for borderline personality disorder, they can still become addicted to it. And there are certain signs to be able to tell if someone is addicted to drugs.

Over-reliance on medication

In cases of borderline personality disorder, prescription medication is only meant to provide a complimentary or supplementary treatment. People will use the medication to get their emotions under control until they learn how to control their emotions by themselves. However, if the person with borderline personality disorder, is using their medication to control their emotions exclusively, then they are relying on it too much. And that could be one sign that this person has become addicted to their prescription medication. It does not have to be a dramatic, as long as the person has displayed an over-reliance of the use of their prescription medication, then that can count as a sign of addiction.

Over-use of medication

Most prescription medication for mental disorders is for short-term. For example, a common drug prescribed for insomniacs is zolpidem tartrate. And that kind of drug is only supposed to be used for two weeks at a time. If someone is using it every night for months on end, then they are addicted to their medication.

Medication hinders daily life

An addiction to prescription medication can hinder a lot of the daily activities of people. A lot of the drugs prescribed can cause drowsiness and absentmindedness. So if someone is oversleeping due to their drug use, and unable to be on time or even miss out on work or school, then that could also count as an addiction to drugs. There are also numerous ways that the absent-mindedness and drowsiness can hinder the daily life of a person. For example, they may get into a vehicular accident because they used too much of their prescription medications.

Medication affects relationships

If someone who is taking medication lets it affect their relationship, then that could be a sign of addiction. For example, one person in the relationship may not like how their partner is using medications to cope with their problems. And if that causes strain within their relationship, then it can be a sign that someone could be addicted to prescription medication.

Will these people get any benefits from going to drug rehab?

Going to drug rehab can help a lot of sufferers of borderline personality disorder. It is because there are a lot of treatment programs in these rehab centers that target both the emotional instability of the borderline personality disorder victim and their drug addiction as well. It is crucial that you send a drug addict, especially one with a borderline personality disorder, to a treatment facility for their rehabilitation. It can prevent their mental illness from getting worse, plus it would also help them finally overcome their addiction to drugs.

Therapy in drug rehab

Almost every drug rehab facility will offer therapy for anyone that attends it. It means that an addict with a mental illness can find a lot of support for their mental disorder within a drug rehab facility. They would not have to worry constantly about having to deal with their mental illness alone. There are therapists inside of the rehab center that would be able to help them with whatever kind of mental illness that they may have, whether that is a borderline personality disorder or something else such as depression. Therapy can teach skills such as self-soothing techniques, to help addicts with their emotional distress and other kinds of mental health problems.

Support in rehab

People sent to rehab are also surrounded by supportive people when they are there. The majority of people that are in the to rehab center will understand all of the struggles that addicts face. It would mean that an addict has a support system that can help them find the strength to keep on fighting their addiction. In fact, most of the recovery cases that happen in rehab are mostly due to the supportive environment found there. Addiction is always a battle that is better when it fought together with other people who have gone through the same thing. And the support system found within rehab will also be available even after the person checks out of the treatment facility.

Skills learned in rehab

At rehab, an addict can also learn integral skills which are needed to resist the temptation to do drugs, and rely on prescription medication. Mentally ill addicts may even learn techniques and methods that can help them better with their borderline personality disorder. It is very good because it teaches addicts that they do not have to rely on their addictive prescription medication to get better mentally. Within rehab, skills such as how to better manage their emotions are taught to the addicts so that they can deal with their addiction and mental illness more healthily.

Environment in rehab

The environment at rehab is especially good for addicts with borderline personality disorder. It is because they will experience no pressures or stress, which could trigger an emotional episode in them. So if an emotionally unstable addict goes to a drug rehab, they would find a lot of support that can help them find strength and stability. They would not need to worry about anything else except for recovering from their addiction. So the environment at a treatment facility will be especially conducive for anyone who is recovering from addiction and mental illness.

Detox in rehab

Within rehab, the recovering addict will have no access to drugs or even alcohol. Even prescription medication that they have would not be available to them. Unless they need it, they will not get access to their drugs. It is because most drug treatment facilities have got a very strict policy about the availability of drugs to their patients. So within a drug rehab center, an addict would be able to go through a complete detox. It is a crucial step for any addict, who wishes to recover and overcome their addiction fully.

In conclusion, those who are suffering from mental illnesses, such as borderline personality disorder, are at more risk of drug addiction. And their mental illness can spiral out of control due to their addiction to drugs. It would mean that a drug rehab facility is the best place for an addict with a mental illness. It would be the place wherein they can finally recover from their problems, and also get over their mental health issues. Almost every doctor recommends that a mentally ill addict has got to be committed to a rehab center. It would be the best place for them to get treatment for both their addiction and their mental illness.