Friday, April 19, 2019

Cabot

Featured Rehab Centers in Cabot

Drug Abuse Rehab Guide for Cabot, Arkansas

Considering the recent uptick in drug-related crimes and drug overdose-related deaths in the state, residents of Cabot, Arkansas may feel compelled to take action to help friends, family and neighbor’s combat their substance abuse and seek help. Though recent harm-reduction laws have been passed at the federal and state levels to help fight the problem, there is much everyday citizens can do to aid in this battle.

With a population of 25,776 as of 2016, Cabot, Arkansas sits in Lokone County, near North Little Rock, AR, where several rehab clinics serve the surrounding area. Cabot boasts an unemployment rate of 4.17%—below both the Arkansas rate of 5% and the national unemployment rate of 5.8%. But in spite of its seemingly stronger economic climate, Cabot still sees, on average, a staggering 400 drug overdose-related deaths per year. A large contributor to this statistic is the recent surge in prescription drug abuse across the country.


The most commonly abused drugs in Arkansas according to the Arkansas Drug Director are:

▪ Methamphetamines
▪ Opioids
▪ Marijuana
▪ Alcohol

According to Arkansas Drug Director, Kirk Lane, opioids, and their illegal street counterparts like
heroin, are quickly becoming the most deadly drug in the state of Arkansas. Though many people who end up with a dependency on opioids or other prescription drugs do not start out that way, several factors contribute to responsible patients abusing their originally legally-prescribed medications:

Unemployment or underemployment: Those who live under the poverty line are far more likely
to develop substance abuse problems. There is a strong trend that suggests the decline of the
white middle class is directly correlated to the rise in substance addictions, especially opioid
addiction; with a population that is 93% white, it is no surprise that Cabot is being struck hard by
this epidemic.

Mental illness: At least half of all people struggling with opioid addictions also have a mental
illness or personality disorder, Scientific American reports.

Childhood trauma: Researchers have found that two-thirds of people with opioid addictions
have suffered at least one severe traumatic incident as a youth. It is important to address
childhood behavioral issues early to provide tools that will help manage issues resultant of
trauma without the eventual use of drugs

Youth and Drug Abuse in Lokone County, AR

The rate of illicit drug abuse among youth in Arkansas is 10.3%, but sits at 13.7% for Lokone
County. Lokone County has the 3rd highest rate of illicit drug use among youth in the state. It also has the second highest rate of adolescents with depressive symptoms who have friends using drugs. A large part of this is owed to the wide availability of prescription drugs, and the easy access many children and teens have to these medications in the home. More than half of Arkansas teens report that gaining access to prescription drugs in their medicine cabinets at home or at a relative’s home is relatively easy, according to the District Attorney of Arkansas.
Just as most who become addicted to street drugs begin with a legally-prescribed prescription
before transitioning to something else, teens use prescription drugs as gateways to harder and sometimes more dangerous drugs. A 2013 study found that 1 in 4 American teens had used prescription medications for non medical purposes.

 

Accidental Overdoses in Underage Children has Doubled Since 2004

Law Enforcement and Drug Abuse

According to the National Drug Intelligence Center, the two major highways that run through
the state are commonly used to traffic illicit drugs in and out of Arkansas. Various methods of delivery
are used including, but not limited to, delivery services, passenger rail, and freight shipping vessels and
vehicles. Law enforcement has been diligent in screening potential traffickers along these highways as
well as along Arkansas’s two major waterways, the Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers. They estimate
around 200 million tons of paraphernalia enter the state via the Mississippi each year.

Harm Reduction Laws

In 2015, Arkansas passed the Naloxone Access Act (Act 1222), which allows a healthcare provider to prescribe an opioid antagonist, like Naloxone, to a person at risk of overdose, pain management clinics (where many addicts start out legally receiving their prescriptions), harm-reduction organizations, Emergency Medical Services Technicians and first responders, law enforcement officials and the family or friend of someone who is at risk of suffering an opioid-related overdose. If you or someone you know is struggling with an opioid abuse problem, talk to your healthcare provider about potentially receiving such medications in case of an accidental overdose of you or someone you love. Administration of an opioid antagonist such as Naloxone effectively halts the effects of the opioid’s effects on the engaged receptors in the brain, even if the person has ingested other drugs or alcohol as well. After dosing, breathing should become easier and the person suffering overdose should be easier to keep awake until emergency services arrive. It is crucial to dose people suffering an overdose quickly to prevent brain damage due to lack of oxygen reaching the brain, and to immediately call 911 when an overdose is suspected.

Drug Take-Back Program

When medications are not disposed of properly they become dangerous, as they give people with the potential for abuse much easier access to these drugs. It is a commonly propagated myth that flushing unwanted drugs down the toilet is safe. Flushing medication not only leads to a potential contamination of water that travels through Arkansas’s wastewater treatment plants but also threatens to re-enter the general water supply—including groundwater reserves. Pharmaceuticals that enter your septic tank can hurt the microorganisms responsible for properly breaking down waste materials, causing your tank to stop functioning properly. Instead, it is recommended that residents of Arkansas participate in the state’s Take-Back initiative, where citizens can safely hand over unwanted and expired medications to Arkansas DEA officials who will dispose of them properly. Cabot citizens can call their local law-enforcement to see when and where the next Take-Back site will be active nearest them, and can request a new site if there is not one already registered nearby. Those working to fight their addictions, but who are at risk of contraction of blood-borne disease via use of intravenous needles associated with drug use, should seek needle exchange sites when possible. According to the Cabot Police Department, citizens can drop off anything but needles at their local sheriff’s office or the local police department at any time, year-round. Needles can be dropped off at a local Health Department office, but citizens are encouraged to call before bringing them in. If you are unable to get to the above-mentioned locations, you can easily contact the Coalition for Safe Needle Disposal at 1-800-643-1643 for information regarding their mail-back service, which will send you a container for your used needles.

How You Can Help

Substance abuse affects all of us differently, but profoundly. There are steps you can take to
protect those around you from potential substance abuse:
1. Keep alcohol and prescription drugs out of reach of children and teens. If possible, keeping
these items locked at all times is advised.
2. Keep a running count of prescription pills, and track refill due dates and pickup dates.
3. Dispose of alcohol and prescription drugs safely, following the rules set by your local
regulations.
4. Talk to your physician about your situation and assess if a prescription for Naloxone is right for
you or someone you know in case of drug overdose.
5. Encourage those around you to use safe practices in their storage and disposal of medications
and other substances in the home.

Seeking Treatment in Cabot, AR

Cabot has several centers for those experiencing addictive symptoms and associated behavioral
health issues. Before you go to the first one you find, it is crucial that you due a bit of research into the
type of program that would best suit your needs, and the type of treatment plan you and the healthcare
professionals around you agree is best. This process may seem daunting at first, but there are only a few
steps between you or your loved one and the help they need.

1. Assessment: Initially, you will speak with colleagues at the center to determine your needs and
an appropriate treatment plan. It may take the form of a short interview in which you will
answer basic questions about your physical and mental health history, current drug or alcohol
usage, treatment history and how the addiction has affected your life. You may also be asked to
complete a self-assessment. There are different levels of care that the facility may review to
determine which is best for your recovery needs.


i. Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP): These typically around 6 hours of treatment at
the facility per day for 5-7 days a week. This can include group and individual counseling,
and may involve family and loved ones in group sessions. If a patient is not yet selfmotivated
to get better, this may not be the most appropriate option.


ii. Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP): IOP may be recommended for patients who are
determined to not need medically-supervised detox. As this is an outpatient program,
you will be given tools to help you establish a long-term recovery goal, and will have the
opportunity to use these skills from the beginning of your treatment. You will be able to
participate in individual, group and family therapy, if appropriate, as well.


iii. Residential Treatment Care (RTC): A 2006 study by Addiction magazine identified RTC as
the most effective long-term recovery option for those with severe addictions.
Residential treatment provides 24-hour structured care with additional tools to help
combat symptoms of withdrawal and behavioral health issues. They can also include
some form of post-program aftercare, or may transition into an outpatient program
once the patient is discharged from RTC.

 

2. Pre-Intake: This phase may go into more detail regarding the substances used in the past, length
and frequency of use of substances being abused, employment (or lack thereof) and living
conditions, and areas of distress in your life that may contribute to your addictive behavior. The
facility may instruct you which items you will be allowed to bring upon admittance and which
you should leave at home.

 

3. Intake: During Intake, you may discuss financial arrangements, available financial assistance,
and finalize your treatment plan. You may undergo a physical examination which may include a
drug/alcohol test to determine when you last had such substances. The facility you stay with will
handle all your medications, so they may take any you were instructed to bring with, so they can
keep track of your doses.

 

4. Detox: Patients with drugs and/or alcohol still in their system will be required to undergo a
phase of detoxification, whereby all traces of the substance are removed. Some medications
may be provided to ease symptoms of withdrawal during your stay, especially if you are likely to
have more severe symptoms as a result of using certain prescription drugs and/or heroin.
Depending on the substance, the body may begin experiencing withdrawal symptoms as early as
24 hours after the last dose of the substance in question; symptoms vary dependent upon the
substance, but some typical symptoms include, but are not limited to:


o Nausea
o Insomnia
o Tachycardia (rapid heart rate)
o Agitation
o Headaches
o Sweating
o Trembling or shaking
o Physical pain/muscle tension


5. Outpatient:
If you are determined to be well enough to continue living at home, but still need
support during your transition into sober living, an outpatient program may be right for you.
Outpatient programs can help negate the potential for relapse while you work on recovery.
These programs can last for 1-3 months or longer if necessary, and can help manage residual
symptoms and temptations during your post-inpatient care. They are also less expensive, on
average, than inpatient programs.

 

6. Aftercare: Patients who have completed an inpatient or outpatient program may need
additional support in the form of an aftercare treatment plan. A relapse rate of 37%-56% is
average for people suffering from some type of substance abuse disorder in the US; but
individual or group therapy post-discharge can help prevent relapse tremendously. Fellowship
programs like Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous can help you stay on target with
your overall recovery goals, while keeping you accountable in the short-term.

 

7. Sober Living: Staying sober can still present challenges once you have completed a program and
your aftercare treatment. You may find relationships have been strained as a result of your
addiction, or life is hard to adjust to once you are feeling better. Regular counseling can help you
with these feelings, equipping you with the coping techniques you need to stay on track. Keep
emergency phone numbers for doctors, counselors and case workers on hand in case you need
someone to talk to after treatment. If you ever feel you are at risk for relapse, or if you know
someone who is at risk, reach out to your facility to determine if readmittance or a change in
aftercare instructions is necessary.

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