Antioch, California, a suburb of Oakland and San Francisco, is a city within the state’s Contra Costa County. Located in San Francisco’s East Bay, Antioch’s population is presently estimated to exceed 111,000, an increase from 102,372 as measured in the 2010 Census. The city’s total area is 29.1 square miles, of which 0.7% of that is water. Antioch is noted for its semi-arid climate: hot and dry summers, and mild winters with scant rainfall.
31 parks cover 310 acres in the city; 11 miles of walking paths connect parks to the city’s myriad schools.
The 2018 racial makeup of Antioch is estimated as the following: 50% Caucasian, 18% African American, 11% Asian (a mix of Chinese, Japanese, Filipino, Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Laotian, Pakistani, and Cambodian), just under 1% Pacific Islander, and 14% listed as “Other Races.” Hispanic or Latino of Any Race (Mexican, Salvadorian, Nicaraguan, Puerto Rican, Peruvian, Cuban, and Guatemalan) represents 32% of the city’s population.
Out of 32,252 households from the most recent Census, 45.5% included children under the age of 18, and 77.6% included a family in general. 62.8% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing, while 36.6% lived in rentals.
Transportation by car is primarily through State Route 4, which connects to Northern California’s highway system. The BART system (Bay Area Rapid Transit) is readily available for commuters, as is Amtrak. Senior shuttles are also prevalent.
DRUG RELATED CRIME
Antioch’s crime statistics peaked in 2013, and have been on the downswing since with the addition of more police officers and improved community awareness. Community organizations such as “Take Back Antioch” have emanated from that peak year, which saw a substantial increase of crimes ranging from storefront drug deals to daytime shootings. In 2014, over 850 violent crimes were reported in the city, which decreased by nearly 30% in 2015. However, present statistics still show a citywide crime rate nearly three times higher than Contra Costa County’s largest city, Concord, and nearly twice that of Berkeley.
Many of these crimes have been drug-related.
In 2017 – for the 14th time in seven years – the city had undertaken a prescription drug drop-off program in conjunction with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), in which unused or unwanted prescription medication, the city’s most common drug scourge, was encouraged to be dropped off at the local police department, no questions asked. Neither the police nor the DEA would accept liquids and needles – only patches or pills
Much like its surrounding cities of San Francisco and Oakland, alcohol and pot use is plentiful. Opioid abuse is on line with the national average. The demand for heroin has increased in recent years, while treatment center admissions for cocaine is at a five-year-low.
ANTIOCH DRUG CULTURE
Antioch is particularly vulnerable to trafficking, due to its proximity to San Francisco, Oakland, and even southern Los Angeles – a six-hour car ride. The state of California has been recognized by the Department of Justice as a HIDTA (High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area) stronghold. As such, efforts to step up efforts to combat substance abuse have been, by necessity, substantial.
Illegal drugs remain readily available at wholesale prices in Antioch, and the city’s accessible transportation systems serve to create a particular ease of access.
State politics have also of late conflicted with evolving federal laws as it regards the legalization of marijuana. Pot continues to be produced both indoors and outdoors, in widespread efforts to take advantage of the medical marijuana accessibility. Exploitation of pot laws are expected to remain an ongoing issue for the immediate future.
As to specifics in Antioch:
- Treatment center admissions from heroin use, in the both Antioch and Contra Costa County, is less than the majority of the state, although the drug’s primary abuse group is substantively higher than the state average: the homeless population, of which a usage percentage as high as 50% has been estimated.
- As with much of California, heroin use increases when prescription pain-killers no longer maintain their efficacy.
- Similar to a West Sacramento statistic, in 2000 approximately a quarter of total drug treatment admissions in Antioch were related to methamphetamine. The rest broke down as follows: 7% heroin, 3% cocaine, 2% alcohol, 1% pot, and 5% other drugs. By the end of 2017, these admissions lessened by an average of nearly 30% across the board (save for opioids, which decreased only 5%), while in Antioch, the statistical decease was approximately 25% for pot, alcohol, and other drugs, an approximate 10% decrease in cocaine, and an increase in meth and heroin.
- “Date-rape” drugs (or “predator drugs”), such as rohypnol and ketamine, are incapacitating agents that render a victim vulnerable to sexual violation. Such drug administration, though low percentage-wise overall when compared to other substances, is nonetheless higher in percentage in Antioch than the rest of the state. Several hundred Antioch women yearly, on average, are administered such agents.
- Similar to Los Angeles and endemic in the state, some traffickers have turned towards pseudoephedrine diversion and sales. Reason behind the pivot is the ingredient’s federal illegality (the Combat Methamphetamine Act of 2005), since banned from over-the-counter cold medications which used to be readily available.
- Also alongside Los Angeles, and also San Francisco, ecstasy (and similar party drugs) are consistent issues. Known as the original “love drug,” the hallucinogenic stimulant – a synthesized MDMA compound – was regularly prescribed by psychiatrists in the 1970s-1980s for patients suffering from emotional or psychological difficulties. The drug is not as popular for traffickers as pot or meth, though it continues to be a concern.
- Over 50% of all car crash deaths in Antioch, a bit beyond the national average, are alcohol-related. 32% of drinkers participate in binge-drinking.
- Caucasian patients comprise the majority of hospital admissions for those seeking help with substance abuse, at 45% (across the board substance abuse). African Americans follow with 24.3% of all such admissions (primarily opioids, pot and alcohol), Hispanics with 21.5% (primarily opioids, pot and alcohol), and all other ethnic groups 8.6%.
- Accidental drug poisoning, typically from pain-killers, is the most common cause of drug- and alcohol-related deaths, at nearly half. Alcoholic-related liver disease is a close second.
To determine the extent and nature of one’s addiction, pre-intake questions may include the following: “How long have you been using?” “Do you believe you have a problem?” “Do you think others who know you believe you have a substance-related problem?” “Have others confronted you with questions related to substance abuse?” “Do you ever use alone?” “Have you ever substituted one drug for another, thinking one particular drug was the problem?” “Does the thought of running out of drugs terrify you?” “Have you ever been in a jail, a hospital, or a drug rehabilitation center because of your using?”
You can find pre-intake sample applications online. In this case, as with any other self-diagnostic tool, the questions as asked are exploratory only. You must speak to a trained and licensed professional for any true diagnosis. Still, such online tools such as a pre-intake questionnaire can be extremely useful. If you can honestly answer those questions, you may be validated, or you may dislike your responses. If you were drawn to the tool, likely both will apply. Regardless, consider your results, and then take necessary action.
There are pros and cons with online resources such as these, particularly when it comes to completely basing your treatment decisions on your own responses. That would be a negative, as remember, such questions are guidelines only without a trained professional to analyze your answers. Regardless of whether such questions are based on true-life examples of treatment center queries (they usually are), you may not be the best arbiter of your responses. Most especially if you are under the influence of any drug, or alcoholic drink. On the positive side, if you can be truthful with your answers, such online questions will certainly provide a glimpse into your condition, and the need for help.
Many addicts, or users with a problem whose usage is not yet defined as an addiction, make the mistake of not taking the first step towards sobriety as it regards intake. If you need help in making an informed decision as to what treatment method is right for you, we cannot encourage you strongly enough to, again, speak to family and/or friends who have been there before. Sometimes, a user has a difficult time making such decisions with a clear head.
And once more, if you know of no one who has been through these issues before, please contact one of the centers as listed on this page.
Also, we encourage you to ask yourself a few questions: 1) What is holding you back from getting help? 2) Do you believe you have a support system? If so, do you feel comfortable contacting them and speaking about your problem? If not, would you feel more comfortable contacting a professional? And 4) Do you believe you are capable of making an informed decision as to your treatment? If yes, you are well-advised to take advantage of one or more of the resources here. If no, you are strongly advised to contact one of the phone numbers listed here, and discuss your reservations.
Again, they are there to help.
During the intake application process, you will be required to list your prescription medications and days and times taken (if “none,” you check “none”), an authorization of medical care, a list of allergies or other medical issues, and a waiver of responsibility. Some applications ask more.
A physician or treatment center representative will then review your application for the proper steps, and treatment.
The concept and practice of detox is typically broken down into three distinct phases: Evaluation, Stabilization, and Transition to Inpatient Drug Rehab.
Evaluation: As overseen by a doctor, who will determine what drugs are presently being used, how long has the patient been using, and how much and how frequently the patient uses.
Stabilization: As expounded on the site, stabilization differs patient to patient, based on specific substance being abused. This is the end result of the withdrawal phase.
Transition to Inpatient Drug Rehab: Many addicts believe that once they complete withdrawal, they are finished with their treatment. That is a dangerous belief, as withdrawal only releases the immediate physical hold of the substance.
Communication is key. Some users are resistant to treatment, most especially when in a treatment center against their will. In this instance, your communication with your specialists will be at risk. Remember, they are there to help you. You have the freedom to ask questions, and the right to receive answers.
That is one of the benefits of treatment, a better understanding of your illness.
INPATIENT TREATMENT RESOURCES
Inpatient treatment is frequently misunderstood, as there are several options available to the user under that umbrella title. Many people believe the term to refer to only hospital treatment. Or, only highly-restrictive treatment. In reality, it is neither.
Inpatient treatment can either be PHP (a partial hospitalization providing a highly-structured environment, with typically active treatment of 30 hours per week), the less-intensive IOP (intensive outpatient treatment plan, which requires up to three hours daily over 3-5 days, for a total of nine hours weekly; therapy is usually included, but the patient can live either at their own home or a halfway house during the process), and an RTC (residential).
Though you may be the best determinant of the degree of inpatient recovery resources best suited to your needs, frequently one may need the help of family or friends to help you more clearly identify the treatment options that are most prudent for your needs. From there, only your personal commitment will determine your success.
PHPs and RTCs are amazing resources for those with more severe or difficult abuse issues. Both options are highly-structured, especially the former. The importance of structure cannot be understated. You will have a time for medicinal treatment, a time for personal or group therapy, a time to rest, a time for activities …
Frequently, a user has little structure outside of the treatment center. The user is more interested in the high than by scheduling their day via their clock. The structure of PHP treatment, particularly, may be a challenge for some. But, if you allow the treatment to take its course, the end-result can exceed your most optimistic hopes.
So ask yourself: “Do I do well in a structured environment?” “Am I functional in a structured environment, or will I have a better chance to succeed with something less restrictive? As ever, a user if not always the best determinant as to treatment. If a user is high while making the decision, that will be in no one’s best interests. It’s time to commit, with as free a sense of mindfulness as possible.
OUTPATIENT TREATMENT RESOURCES
Outpatient treatment is a comprehensive approach to wellness, and no less impactful than inpatient services. Please research the importance of outpatient treatment resources on The Recover, or speak to loved ones who have been through the process. Recovery is an ongoing process, which requires a substantive lifestyle change to avoid the ever-present threat of a relapse.
Outpatient treatment allows the patient a certain level of responsibility to remain clean while outside of the treatment center. You will face temptations but will have also learned specific strategies as to how to deal with them. It is up to you to take advantage of those lessons. There is a certain degree of trust on the part of the outpatient treatment administrators that the user will remain clean, and at the same time outpatient treatment allows for the user to remain productive on the outside while still receiving help. If you work, you can schedule your outpatient appointments or check-ins after hours.
One very important point, though, under this or any treatment circumstance: The entirely of your treatment is a commitment. Outpatient or not, if you miss one appointment you will likely miss another.
That is a recipe for failure. What you allow, you encourage.
Remember this as you move forward in your treatment. There are countless reasons why one would fail, in this or any other environment. Laziness, rigidity, intimidation.
There are fewer reasons to succeed: Yourself, first of all, then your loved ones (your collective of family and friends). Which means more to you? The pain of the commitment to get well, or the pleasure of using? If you answer the latter question as your affirmative, consider those loved ones who care about you, and worry about you.
On that note, let us elaborate upon the concept of commitment for a moment. Some users resent the term, thinking many of those who do not use, or who are not otherwise plagued by addiction, tend to believe commitment is that much easier than it truly is. How can a user commit to anything at all, one may ask, much less treatment if said user is overwhelmed by their addiction?
It is very difficult. Really, it is. But you can do this. You can reclaim your life, as none of us are defined by our addictions.
AFTERCARE AND SOBER LIVING RESOURCES
Not all sober houses or aftercare facilities are created equal. However, you will frequently be surrounded by others in a supportive and understanding environment, others who have undergone similar difficulties. Sober houses most frequently prove to the addict – which as you see here is a message on repeat – that you are not alone.
There have been several popular television shows on various networks over the last decade that have dramatized the sober living experience. We suggest that you watch with caution, as several of these shows contain scripted elements that do not necessarily give a positive view of what could be a positive experience.
We’ve seen users looking forward to attending sober houses for all the wrong reasons. The sober house experience is an often integral part of your overall treatment. But, it can be as abused as the substances for which you have been admitted.
You will live among others in a place away from your home. A sober care facility will actually be your new home until you leave. Others can influence you, so be careful. Sober living can be a hugely beneficial and beautiful experience, but you must remember, you are still in treatment.
Antioch Drug Rehabs Are Here To Help
Antioch, California has been proactive in its efforts to curb its drug issues. As with many California cities, among the largest current apprehensions is that heroin usage will evolve. The fear relates to its growing availability through the state’s drug traffickers, and a perception of increasing affordability. The economy is strong in Northern California, and there is no indication of a correction any time soon. However, Antioch’s proximity to San Francisco, and the state capital of Sacramento, enables a certain accessibility and ease of attainment of illegal drugs. This is endemic to locales near large metropolitan areas.
As with Los Angeles County, savvy DTOs have taken advantage of chemically altering the strength of meth. For addicts who require an ever-greater fix, the stronger version of the drug, though down somewhat in sales from prior years, remains a great temptation. Also, the ongoing issue of legal medical marijuana has created a new power-base for those who grow and traffic in cannabis. Further economic growth will be a large determinant as to where and how the illicit drug battle will change, or remain stagnant, from here forward. Current politics and ongoing issues regarding illegal immigration, particularly within the Mexican community – a group that has been particularly susceptible to engaging in Los Angeles trafficking – will surely have an effect.
Trafficking crosses lines between southern and Northern California cities, and is expected to do so for the immediate future,
The drug battle is ongoing. The availability will continue to be present, and, for many, so will the temptation. But the help is out there.
Perhaps by necessity, Antioch is particularly active and supportive as it regards the fight against addiction. Their numbers of hospital admissions have decreased year-to-year since the beginning of the millennium.
You will become your own best friend in this process, by virtue of being aware of your issue and appropriately acting upon it.