Tampa is a major city in Hillsborough County, in the Florida States, United States. It is near the Gulf of Mexico and located west coast of Florida on Tampa Bay. The city has an approximate population of 377,165 as indicated on 2016 census.
Some of its familiar neighborhoods include Forest Hills, Seminole Heights, Ybor City, Ballast Point, Sulphur Springs, College Hill, Tampa Heights, Davis Islands, Hyde Park, and non-residential areas of the Westshore Business District.
Households in Tampa have an average median annual income of $44,432. This income is less than the average yearly median income in America and has declined at a rate of 2.79% percent. Statistic indicates that 20.9 percent of the population live below the poverty level, which has been a significant influence on drug and substance abuse.
Tampa statistics indicate that it has one of the highest levels of alcohol and drug abuse in the USA. This has made the state of Florida become the 17th state with the highest rate of deaths related to alcohol. Teens and young adults in Tampa are more susceptible to high rates of drugs and substance abuse because of peer pressure. Additionally, drug trafficking has become a severe issue in Tampa with neighboring cities increasing access to illicit drugs.
Moreover, heroin abuse in Tampa is rising at a shocking rate with the number of heroin deaths in Hillsborough County alone increasing by four times in the last four years alone. Researchers predict that the numbers will continue to grow in the coming years if drug abuse is not controlled. Other drugs commonly abused in Tampa include cocaine, heroin, and overused prescription drugs. Since Florida is located on the Gulf of Mexico, it gives a perfect gateway for drugs and substances trafficking across borders. Also, since most of the communities in Florida are rural, it is easier to cultivate and trade drugs in Tampa.
Florida Drug Statistics indicate that in 2013, 10,930 individuals were detained for drug violations. Admission for treatment included 753 people for cocaine addiction in Florida, and drug overdose death rates increased to 20% from 2013 to 2014. Tampa city has a significant impact on these figures in Florida hence the need to control drugs and substances abuse.
Tampa's Opioid Crisis
General news in Florida indicates that it is one of the states stricken hardest by the nation’s opioid crisis. Both prescription opioid and illicit use including overdose is prevalent throughout the state. This is despite recent reductions in opioid prescription rates from approximately 83 prescriptions for every 100 residents in 2011 to 66 in 2016. In 2016 only, reports indicate that there were 4,996 deaths from opioid overdose. Statistics showed that Tampa city had a significant influence on these figures. This disgracefully high death toll emphasizes the urgent necessity for evidence-based, effective drug rehabs in the Tampa City and Florida State as a whole.
Laws of Tampa, Florida drug and substance use
Florida’s laws concerning drug use are quite unforgiving, and the penalties given can influence residents’ plans for the future. To combat the increasing rates of drugs and substance abuse, Tampa has implemented drug assessment and monitoring programs to decrease the access to illegal drugs.
Even though Tampa has high alcohol and drug abuse, many people are receiving treatment. Tampa has adapted treatment programs to assist residents suffering from many types of substance and drug addiction.
Drug Substance Rehab Centers in Tampa, Florida
Although residents in Tampa live with substances and drugs dependence, various levels of treatment are available in the city. If you are searching for substance or drug rehab, Tampa has ample options. For some people, it is enough to look for help from an outpatient treatment program. However, those severely addicted to substances such as heroin and cocaine may find better facilities in substance addiction treatment in Tampa.
The drug rehab centers available in Tampa vary from residential care facilities to detox clinics, to inpatient and outpatient programs, among others. The appropriate center or treatment plan to choose will depend on insurance coverage, the length of addiction and if you desire to travel or not. This established network of treatment facilities provides several outpatient-only and full-service options for drug and substance rehab in Tampa.
When does Substance or Drug use become a Dangerous Addiction?
Many people start using drugs or substances for various reasons. Some try out using recreational drugs by being curious, or to enjoy a good time, due to peer pressure, or even to reduce problems such as anxiety, stress, or depression. However, it is not only illegal drugs, such as heroin or cocaine that can cause addiction or abuse. Prescription medications such as sleeping pills, painkillers, and sedatives can lead to such similar problems. Actually, prescription painkillers are the most abused drugs in America next to marijuana. Statistics indicate that there are many deaths from people overdosing powerful opioid painkillers daily than from gun deaths and traffic accidents combined. Addiction to opioid anesthetics can be very influential that it has become the leading risk reason for heroin abuse in Tampa
Obviously, drug use whether it is illegal or prescription does not automatically result in abuse, and there is no exact fact at which substance or drug use changes from casual and cause significant problems. Drug abuse and substance addiction are less about the frequency and type of drug you are using or the dose of the substance used and more about the effects of that drug use. If using substance or drug is causing difficulties in your life at school, work, home, or in your relationships, then you are likely to have a substance addiction or drug abuse problem.
Acknowledging that you have a problem with drug and substance addiction is the first step towards your recovery. Confronting your problem without having excuses or minimizing the issue can feel overwhelming and frightening, but the good news is that full recovery is possible to achieve. If you are ready to get help, you can conquer your addiction and develop a fulfilling, drug-free life.
Signs and symptoms of drug addiction and substance abuse
Physical warning signs of drug addiction or abuse include:
- Larger or smaller than usual pupils and bloodshot eyes
- Tremors, impaired coordination, and slurred speech
- Sudden weight gain or weight loss
- Changes in sleep patterns and appetite
- Odd smells on the body, breath or clothing
- Worsening of personal grooming habits and physical appearance
Psychological warning signs of drug addiction or abuse include:
- Irritability, Sudden mood swings, or angry outbursts
- Unexplained change in attitude or personality
- Lack of motivation
- Periods of uncommon hyperactivity and agitation,
- Anxious, or fearful, or paranoid appearance
Behavioral warning signs of drug addiction or abuse include:
- Unexplained financial difficulties such as borrowing or stealing
- Poor attendance and performance at school or work
- Sudden change in favorite hangouts, friends, and hobbies
- Involvement in suspicious, secretive behaviors
- Frequently causing troubles such as fights, illegal activities, accidents, etc.
What is Addiction Rehab?
Rehabs are organized treatment programs intended to help people struggling with drug addiction or substance abuse. Rehab help addicts recover from addiction toward a happy, healthy, and sober lifestyle.
What Activities Happen in Addiction Rehab Center?
Addiction rehab treatment centers are adapted to suit the needs of every addict. The activities involve some combination of detoxification, individual and group substance abuse and drug therapy, aftercare planning, and relapse prevention education. These activities happen before the program completion so patients can maintain long-term sobriety.
When to seek treatment for drug and substance addiction
Acknowledging that you have a substance or drug problem can be a complicated first stage of recovery. You might experience many intense emotions such as shame, anger, and guilt but there is hope.
Realizing when to look for help could also be challenging since the consequences, signs, and severity of the problem can vary for each person. Signs of drug addiction and other substance use disorders that should indicate you need help include:
- Repeated vain attempts to reduce or stop using a drug or substance.
- An intense craving or urge to use drugs.
- Failure to fulfill primary responsibilities at school, home, work, and other significant areas of life.
- You spend too much time searching, using, or recovering from the consequences of a drug or substance.
- Social relationship problems with family, friends, and colleagues.
- Giving up on activities that were previously enjoyable.
- Frequent use of a substance or drug in dangerous situations.
- Tolerance to a drug or substance, indicating that a person needs extra doses to feel the desired results or to feel a decreased effect with the usual dose.
- Continuous drug or substance use after realizing that they cause psychological or physical harm.
- Withdrawal symptoms especially when not using drug or substance, or using a substance or drug to avoid having withdrawal symptoms.
The Treatment Process for Drug and Substance Addiction
In Tampa, for a drug or substance addict to recover fully, most rehab centers have to follow some crucial factors during the treatment process. These include:
- Inpatient treatment (RTC, PHP, IOP)
- Outpatient treatment
- Sober living
Assessment refers to a method of evaluating the type of addiction problems and then utilizing specific treatment processes to deal with those problems. Assessment happens if there is an evident substance or drug abuse likelihood detected. Since screenings which are done in rehab center outline whether there is a possibility of drug or substance abuse, assessments verify if it is present or not. If it exists, a therapist determines what can be done about it. At this point, the process becomes more formal, with a diagnostic dialogue often done in a face-to-face encounter. The two types of possible dialogues involved are structured or semi-structured. Both try to determine the extent of the addiction problem, and also to answer an important question: is this substance or drug abuse? Structured interviews are best for diagnosing drug or substance abuse, but cannot determine what to do in the next steps. On the other hand, the semi-structured have less structured questions but allow therapists to decide the right treatment and later make a substance abuse treatment plan.
The pre-intake is a process that drugs or substances addicts undergo before they are admitted to a rehab treatment center. Usually, a therapist will determine the signs and symptoms an addict has, then perform physical checkups and know how long an addict has suffered from substance and drug abuse. Additionally, a therapist will take some lab tests to verify the extent a drug or substance has affected an addict’s body. With all these details, the therapist will recommend treatment which can either be an inpatient or outpatient treatment program.
The Intake Process
During this process, a patient usually meet with either a doctor, a therapist, a psychologist, or a counselor. Intake is just an interview process with the purpose to admit a patient into a suitable substance and drug abuse treatment program. The medical history such as the mental health of a patient is examined, and at times a therapist can perform psychological health and physical exam screening at this process. Patients will be asked about the conditions surrounding their substance or drug abuse, such as actions that caused the addictions.
Many patients feel ashamed over their substance abuse habits and their mental health, and some tend to lie during their intake interviews, mainly when questions asked to make them feel embarrassed. Any false statements about addiction, for instance, lying about how a patient often uses a drug or the quantity used, can immensely hinder the patient’s progress in a treatment program right away. Therefore, rehab therapists usually advise patients to be truthful and open with staff members during their treatment period.
Patients should remember that everything they reveal during this process and the rest of their treatment course is entirely private. Eventually, the information collected during the intake process is what will be required to develop their personalized treatment plan, since different patients have unique needs. Financial plans and payment options are also discussed in the intake process.
Before treatment starts, a patient might need to undergo detox to remove substance and drugs from the body. A therapist might prescribe medications to relieve withdrawal symptoms or introduce drug-free social detox, which grants a safe environment to accomplish stabilization and abstinence before the treatment process.
The primary purpose of a medical detox is to remove the chemicals from the body and manage withdrawal symptoms while under medical supervision, hence fewer chances of a patient relapsing.
Since detox helps patients deal with the effects of eliminating chemicals from the body, an in-depth inspection through talk therapy addresses all issues that can make a patient likely to relapse. Most underlying problems influence addiction, and without finding help for the emotional pain, a patient will most probably revert to drug or substance abuse. That is why a therapist recommends an aftercare session including individual counseling and group meetings.
Inpatient Drug and Substance Rehab Treatment
For inpatient treatment, patients in Tampa have to be present at the rehab center during the treatment period all the time. Most programs in residential treatment centers in Tampa cover a period of 28 to 90 days, which relies on the specific needs the patient has chosen. Inpatient care in Tampa includes various programs designed to meet the mental and physical needs of all patients. When compared to outpatient treatment programs, inpatient treatment is more intensive and has lots of facilities available across rehab centers in Tampa. Therefore, there is a high chance that patients will find an inpatient facility near their location.
Inpatient treatment program is further classified into two categories:
1. Residential Treatment Center (RTC)
Residential treatment programs provide patients with 24/7 medical care on a continuous basis in a residential background. The care also includes a rehabilitation curriculum that offers individual therapy, group therapy, 12-step alternative recovery programs or substance misuse classes, and other healing activities such as yoga, therapeutic recreation, and meditation. During this program, a patient has already passed through any necessary detox.
Although RTC is expensive, it is the best option to consider for treating substance and drug addicts. Also, it focuses on patients who have critical conditions, show resistance to treatment and those with severe suicidal and mental disorders.
2. Partial Hospitalization Program (PHP)
A partial hospitalization program involves the same processes as an inpatient treatment program such as meetings, medical care therapy, therapeutic recreation, classes, etc. However, the only difference is that a patient is allowed to go home in the evening or to a housing that is available on campus. With a PHP, patients can receive intensive therapy, but allowed to reside at home to continue their daily duties. Surprisingly, this program benefits individuals who need professional services from qualified treatment staffs, but their health disorders do not warrant them to reside entirely in an inpatient treatment centers.
Pros and Cons of Inpatient Rehab Treatment
The following some of the benefits of using an inpatient rehab treatment for substance and drug addiction.
- A patient enjoys a sober and steady environment.
- A patient gets excellent support from staff to achieve and maintain sobriety.
- A patient receives comprehensive personal and group therapy sessions.
- Since patients get monitored by a health professional, there are fewer chances of relapsing risks since they are in a substance-free environment
- A patient will receive extra special treatment services such as meditation, yoga acupuncture, exercise, among others.
- A patient usually has higher chances of efficient recovery if the period of treatment is more prolonged and more intense.
- A patient has less exposure to stressors and anything that will trigger a relapse.
- A patient will get psychiatric and medical support during withdrawal and recuperation. These are crucial for patients with severe or long-term drug or substance use conditions such as co-occurring mental or physical health problems. Co-occurring disorders are treated well in a rehabilitation center that stresses on dual diagnosis.
Before a patient decides to choose an inpatient treatment program the following are possible disadvantages:
- A patient will not interact with the community and receives less direct support from family and friends.
- A patient has to stop his/her regular daily activities and responsibilities to participate in rehab
- This treatment is expensive since a patient will use rehab center facilities such as accommodation.
Outpatient Treatment Program
This treatment is one of the most common program available since it is very flexible and does not need patients to stay at the rehab center full-time. Many people choose this option when they desire full recovery, but they want to continue with their healthy life.
Features of an outpatient rehab/treatment program
With an outpatient treatment programs patients are more flexible since they can maintain previous commitments to their work, family, and school as they receive the required treatment. The treatment also allows them to maintain a certain privacy level since treatment usually will not interfere with their daily activities.
Each outpatient rehab program is different since it depends upon the addiction being treated and the primary objectives of the program. Usually, with this program, there is no set length treatment period because everyone advances through treatment willingly at their own pace.
The period that most outpatient programs run takes a month to 90 days and beyond. An addiction therapist usually recommends the total length of patients’ participation in the program depending on their conditions.
These programs also provide a support network in the form of official support groups that consist of other patients and group or individual counseling. This approach to recovery allows a patient to apply the lessons they have learned in their life immediately.
Pros and Cons of Outpatient Rehab in Tampa
Some of the advantages of outpatient treatment include:
- Outpatient is a more affordable treatment selection and usually has insurance cover.
- Outpatient treatment is structured so that patients can continue their daily activities and responsibilities such as school, work, caring for kids, family, etc.
- Many outpatient programs involve family sessions. They can support a patient better and understand the challenges the patient faces.
- There is less support for therapy treatment.
- Patients risk getting exposed to the same risks influences and triggers in life that pushed them towards drug or substance abuse.
- Daily distractions of life could keep a patient from concentrating on recovery
The outpatient program is further classified into Intensive Outpatient Program (IOP). The IOP program works better for patients with complaints connected to co-occurring disorders of drug and substance abuse. It is also the phase that is between residential treatment program and aftercare.
Once the rehab treatment is complete, the patient needs help adjusting back into everyday life through aftercare if full recovery is to be successful. Medical rehab reports indicate that people with excellent post-treatment strategies are much less expected to relapse. For the maintenance stage to be well-customized to an individual, there are some things to consider such as financial limitations, housing circumstances, relationships, family members, and employment.
Aftercare services include support group appointments, follow-up meetings, counseling, and booster sessions. Educational assistance may improve self-esteem by improving or teaching employment prospects. Introducing new hobbies such as gardening, art, cooking, among others have proved to help a lot. Establishing a rewarding social life is also very significant to effective treatment, so joining life skills workshops can be an excellent way of learning the healthy socializing practice.
After establishing a post-treatment plan, a patient should review it regularly and any changes made if it is necessary. Any other assistance available is included, such as medical, mental, and physical assistance. Patients also need encouragement, nutritional advice knowledge about recovery limitations, and any relapse signs to expect. A support system for patients close to a full recovery from addiction is also helpful and is part of a robust maintenance process.
Many recovering addicts and people who have completed therapy, must shift into sober living before they live independently. A sober living home is the best solution for such people. These types of homes help recovered residents in Tampa to stay sober by keeping high expectation and supporting them while letting them to resume regular activities such as going to school or work. Residents can also help each other in the homes and get new friends who are devoted to sobriety.
Not everybody is suitable to use sober living homes. Some people may have to go through rehab treatment or detox before they can live in a sober environment successfully. However, these homes offer caring environments to switch from the addictive lifestyle to one of responsibility and sobriety. People who have become sober and want to maintain that state should consider relocating into a halfway home or other group homes committed to sober living. When recovered or recovering addicts live in these type of homes, it will lead to sobriety and make it more likely have a long-term recovery.