Drug Treatment in Springfield, Illinois
Springfield is the capital of the state of Illinois. Situated in the county of Sangamon, it has the population of 117,006. The city is home to 71.7% Caucasians, 20.6% African American, 2.8% Hispanic and 2.5% Asian, 2.3% Multi-racial people. The city gladly celebrates its national pride of being the state where Abraham Lincoln spent a great deal of his life.
Drug Abuse Trends
The main range of drugs abused in Springfield is the opioids. Consumed majorly by middle aged Caucasians, opioid prescriptions drugs, opioid streets drugs like heroine or synthetic drugs such as fentanyl have created a rampage in the city within the previous five years. The recorded figure of citizens dying due to opioid overdose has become a cause of great fear amongst people. The county resources for tracking these deaths are being overworked and in a newspaper report the county coroner reported that due to pending toxic screening results in several cases of deaths, many cases may not even be known by the authorities. With the addition of synthetic drugs, the number may rise to a dangerous level in the upcoming decade. Many reportedly dead from overdose were known to be highly educated with jobs and families, making the cause of rise in substance abuse unknown.
Based on accounts of those who are alive and were successfully treated, the journey of abuse starts from prescription drugs mainly painkillers. When it becomes challenging to procure from legitimate sources, people start approaching illegal sources of getting pills. But the seller is able to negotiate with these novice users and teach them how for a little more money they can take up heroine and receive exponentially more high. Thus, a person graduates from prescription drugs to heroine. The journey further goes on when a person reaches an older age in life and may want to spend less. To such a person, synthetic drugs seem lucrative.
Communal and Administrative Efforts
This extent of drug abuse in Springfield was realized in the year 2014, when people in huge figures, started dying due to drug overdose. With the entry of Fentanyl the deaths have increased about four fold in 2017. Though 2015, witnessed the Heroine Crisis Act, allowing people unhampered privilege to employ Naloxone in the shape of the Narcan Spray. It is a medicine that is utilized to obstruct the effects of the opioid drug in a person and prevent permanent physiological havoc.
Law enforcement units such as police and firemen of the city saved hundreds of people from dying of overdose and gave them a chance to recover from their past mistakes. Unfortunately, such people found the courage to jump back into drug usage as records show that many people had to be saved multiple times through Narcan Spray by law enforcement units.
The city was quick to bring in Narcan to the scene of the epidemic but evidently they could not replace treatment with an overdose reversal medicine. Unfortunately, the growth in rehabilitation facilities and treatment options in Springfield has not unfurled like the speed at which drug abuse has escalated. Many who get caught in drug related crimes or are successfully identified as addicts by their families do try to get treatment. But the lack of space makes people wait for weeks before they can receive help. Many people do not find the courage to wait as withdrawal symptoms force them into drug abuse once again. Budget cuts for the city led to addition in overdose deaths of this kind.
Resultant, the county state department has successfully obtained federal grants and the city has been able to take appropriate measure to launch several outpatient programs which requires lesser resources. Many nonprofit corporations have also initiated similar efforts in the city. People responsible for rehab and medical health centers in the entire city of Springfield have been working with the administration of the city to get a handle on drug abuse.
Understanding Drug Abuse
Drugs and alcohol have the ability to exhilarate a person, more than the high that is yielded by dopamine and serotonin, two organically produced elements. This ability that drugs may show is a false effect that takes place when chemical substances fool the brain and result in the termination of natural neurotransmitters. This gives birth to the propensity of addiction and chemical dependence.
The city of Springfield has witnessed the rampant rage of drug addiction and entrapped many people into an entire range of opioid drugs. The reason for this may be accredited to the fact that people and the city efforts were unable to put a leash on drugs. Lack of appropriate treatment opportunities added to drug usage. Therefore, not having the strength to overcome withdrawal on their own, people continued on with the belief that taking drugs was easier than waiting for treatment. Also, the presence of taboo against drugs contributed to the lack of fervor for treatment.
There are several risk factors like a person’s family history, medical and mental health history, being around a parent with drug abuse tendencies, physical injury, mental or physical abuse, social tendencies, performance anxiety, or a rapid and sudden change of events in life. Troubles at both home and school also encourage teenagers to pursue drugs and alcohol. Being surrounded by drugs, and having an ease in availability from homes or streets, can foster drug habits early on. Parents who themselves would be dependent on chemical substances may not only leave drugs lying around but in totality would not be efficiently involved in their child’s life nor have healthy rules in the house.
Every drug prone to addiction has few generalized symptoms along with some distinct group of symptoms. Some of the generalized symptoms are – losing interest in work place or school, sudden changes in relationships, fluctuations in weight, increased isolation, noticeable lack of energy, dearth of interest in self-grooming, challenges in financial management and blood shot eyes along with unreasonable fatigue.
Few of the symptoms of prescription drugs are – low blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, lack of body coordination, dry mouth, breathing problem, nausea, constipation, insomnia, watery eyes, flu like symptoms, slow speech and dry itchy skin. Addicted people also develop the tendency to indulge in stealing of medicine or prescriptions as well as hurting themselves to get hold of a prescription.
Behavioral Symptoms of heroin addiction are – euphoria, constant itching, irritability, social withdrawal, drowsiness and confusion. People taking heroin may suddenly change their friends and appreciate people who come across as pro-drug abuse.
Symptoms of Fentanyl are – rapid heartbeat, chest tightness, mood swings, hallucinations, poor hand eye coordination, delusions, paranoia and pain in the ears.
There are several rehabilitation treatment options in and around Springfield.
Majorly based on a gender centric approach, rehab centers have been basing treatment plans on the psycho-social challenges of each gender group and how it may contribute to people seeking drugs and alcohol. With the severity of drug abuse issues in the city, the treatment plan also keeps in mind what factors that may stop a person to opt for treatment as well as the reason which may attribute to a person give up sobriety. Both these factors contribute to the way a treatment is formulated for a client.
The city has been focused on outpatient treatment programs and instigated many such initiatives to provide convenient rehabilitation treatment to the people. Such a treatment course is comparatively more affordable and hence, more convenient as it may allow people to not abandon their lives but to tackle issues of taboo against drugs.
The city has an adequate presence of Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) as well as Narcotic Anonymous (NA). The city is also home to psycho dynamic psychotherapists and de-addiction counsellors that have the capacity and expertise to guide people with their psychological issues both before and following the de-addiction treatment. There are several guidance programs designed to spread due awareness around drug abuse and its treatment. They aim at imparting training to the youth of the city, hoping they will become a brand of peer educators who can lower the numbers of death due to overdose.
A person residing in Springfield has a plethora of treatment options available for them. Through material available on websites and hotline numbers that are meant for investigation, people can dive into the pool of information to understand what they might need to make themselves better. Understanding the challenges of entering rehabilitation for the first time, centers in Springfield are vocal about what they can offer their clients in terms of treatment. When someone decides to sign up for a treatment program he/she has to undergo Admission phase which comprises of Assessment and Intake.
Springfield rehab centers provide its potential clients with a convenient, efficient, and comprehensive assessment which allows people to book an appointment or simply walk-in 24*7. With the promise of confidentiality, clients begin the assessment interviews, where they will ask extensive questions about their medical and mental health history, along with family medical information. The client is expected to be candid and honestly inform the rehab centers of their substance abuse habits. In house team of certified psychiatrists, psychologists, clinicians, doctors and the rest of the medical team review all the information and perform their own tests. The aim of assessment is to allow the medical team to come up with suitable treatment options for the client. Through mutual planning, doctors may inform clients what they will be offered in the name of treatment.
Rehab centers also assess whether or not one is medically and psychologically manageable and whether they can look after their own hygiene needs. It is important that the client is willing to invest themselves in treatment and has a will to heal. Though many clients may not come willingly or are sent on court orders, it is essential that clients are at least being agreeable to execute basic steps required by the treatment plan.
Intake process requires the clients and the respective families to be informed about what will be expected of them during the treatment. In the form of rules and regulations, clients are introduced to the way of life they will be expected to follow to increase their changes of recovery. Thus, along with total abstinence, clients are required to bring bare minimum supplies and follow strict schedules especially created to give their life a sense of order and accomplishment for the upcoming period of the treatment.
Detoxification is an undertaking that fulfills the objective of emancipating a person’s body and mind from the clutches of drugs and alcohol. Springfield offers a medically assisted treatment plan for detox to help combat the effects that drugs would have left on the client’s internal system. Such a treatment approach is most ideal for opioid treatment. Medication works towards managing symptoms of chemical dependency as well as battling the effects of withdrawal symptoms.
Withdrawal symptoms may be understood as the physiological and psychological affects that a person definitely encounters with intense severity when they terminate drug and alcohol abuse. The person is met with an array of symptoms that are painful and produce immense cravings for chemical substances. This may give birth to the peril of relapse.
Specific, approved medications are utilized for the treatment and give clients the chance to reclaim control over their being. These medicines may temporarily increase the effect of withdrawal symptoms but only to eliminate the effect of drugs on the brain and the ultimate aim of reducing cravings.
Opioids have the power to alter a person’s brain chemistry and make sure that a person may never feel ‘normal’ again without its usage. Hence, when one stops using opioids, the body starts craving drugs incessantly. Within the initial 6-12 hours a person may start tearing up, feeling agitated, anxious, muscle ache, heart racing, constant nose running, fever, extreme insomnia, bouts of hypertension and excessive sweating. Till the 36th hour, symptoms will keep on getting worse and make the person very uneasy. Within 72 hours, symptoms will peak and the person may come to suffer nausea, diarrhea, stomach cramps, depression mood states and more craving for drugs. Though medication will aim at emanating these symptoms as much as possible, a person may continue to experience discomfort for over a week.
From within 12 to 30 hours of giving up on Fentanyl, a person begins experiencing symptoms of withdrawal. They may peak in the next 2 to 4 days and may require over a week to subside. Symptoms may include – Sweating, Exhaustion, Cough, Watery eyes with runny nose, lapse in memory, fever with goosebumps, anxiety, insomnia, abdominal cramps, weakness, aches in the entire body, irritation, restlessness, mood swings and Diarrhea with nausea.
The city’s Inpatient treatment program is a collaborated effort of a well-equipped medical team to place clients in a safe, stable and warm environment, to ensure harmonious healing. Treatment is often hard on the body and mind. With around the clock supervision, such a program aims at assisting the client to block off everything minutely distressing for the time period of the duration and with least possible distraction work on turning around their life.
With the duration of about 2-4 weeks, each client receives treatment services specially designed to fulfill specific psychological and medical needs. Defined as per a person’s unique gender needs, Springfield rehab centers have many programs of treatment keeping in mind the experiences of people, which are defined by their gender and other contextual markers. Special treatment course for women and men determines the treatment plan based on patterns of how they begin substance abuse, patterns of abuse and related behavior, accompanying mental illness and decision for taking up treatment. For example, women may hesitate to pursue treatment as they may put the care of their children first and may not wish to leave them while men may take to drugs and alcohol at a very impressionable age. Thus, keeping in mind such patterns, an inpatient treatment plan in Springfield tries to accommodate all client needs.
In house psychiatrists, physicians, nursing staff and other medical personnel assist people to attend individual and group psychotherapy sessions, family therapy sessions, recreational activities, addiction education classes, 12 step program educations, and relapse prevention education. All of the activities aim at allowing clients to form a safe space for themselves with their peers and doctors to work on underlying issues that ever pushed them towards drugs seeking behavior. Client may also opt for holistic treatment which may include yoga, meditation, sand therapy, biofeedback, drum circle therapy, aqua therapy, massages and acupuncture. Such alternative therapies convey that leisure and fun can be realized in the absence of drugs and alcohol.
Treatment for adolescents is another vital program as it assists the youth of the city to reflect on their behavior and understand the dynamics of their sober development. Parents and siblings are expected to participate and significantly contribute to the treatment by understanding the transitional changes their loved on is going through as well as contemplate on their own behavior that maybe harming their ward.
An outpatient treatment plan is best suited for people who have triumphantly surpassed the inpatient treatment plan and wish to continue treatment in a structured regime. In many cases, people avoid treatment as they are unable to leave behind dependent family members and jobs for a couple of weeks. They may opt for an outpatient treatment program that will allow them to retreat back to their family residences at the end of a treatment day. Also, people whose drug abuse tendency has been comparatively low and for a shorter duration may opt for outpatient services.
The stable environment of an outpatient treatment program offers individual and group psychotherapy sessions, de-addiction education, family therapy sessions, recreational activities and recovery plan for post treatment phase. Along with the knowledge of 12 step principles, the program encourages client to seek support from their community and work with family to resolve pending issues as well as polish the relationships that the client has. Therefore, family therapy becomes a significant element of the treatment methodology. The program also indulges in evidence based therapies.
Throughout such a course, clients can continue to study or work or begin taking measures to plan for the future. The program is also comparatively less expensive than a residential program, eliminating a major reason why people may hesitate to get treated. One of the interesting features of the treatment regime is that it helps people to continue their treatment with utmost confidentiality by giving them alibis for taking extended time away from their schooling as well as career undertakings.
With an understanding that returning to the real world may bring back stressors and challenging situations that once led them to abuse drugs, many people choose aftercare services after they have concluded their treatment programs. In Springfield one may receive weekly aftercare services such as counselling sessions that assist client to make the transition from a structured treatment regime to their daily sober life, practice of how to apply tools accumulated during treatment to reinforce sobriety, developing healthy coping mechanisms for unwarranted challenges that may have the potential to trigger relapse and continue practicing ideals of 12 step recovery programs.
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) are support groups based on the 12 step program that allow people to share, listen, absorb, and analyze elements of their voyage to recovery and that of their peers. Through such a process people develop empathy and compassion for others in similar position like them which may encourage people to come together and support each other. Such peer support has the capacity to cultivate long term sobriety.
Conducting alumni programs is another thriving attempt to bring together who share struggles and furnish them with doses of motivation. Rehab centers in Springfield offer ongoing support in the form of such a program, and continue providing their clients with support while they re-build their life. Clients as well as their family members are expected to engage and partake in the communal activities and group gatherings.