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Drug Addiction and Treatment in Kansas City, Kansas

Meth lab seizures in Kansas increased 48% between the years of 2007 and 2012, with 149 incidents in the latter year. 288 persons died of drug overdose in Kansas in 2010, a number comparable to those killed in car accidents and firearms that same year. The most common drug patients were admitted for abusing was marijuana, making up about 50% of admissions.

Drugs have a nasty habit of walking hand-in-hand with crime. Recently, Marco Antonio Cortes-Gomez, a 42-year-old  Kansas City man was arrested for trafficking no less than 66 pounds of methamphetamine to Topeka. He has been sentenced to 24 years of imprisonment for conspiracy to distribute meth and attempted possession to distribute meth. Another arrest was made in December of 2017 where a police operation uncovered 11 long guns, 11 handguns, $31,000 in cash, 41 grams of heroin, 1,195 grams of meth, 246 grams of cocaine, 2,003 grams of marijuana, and 40 pills of THC, 50 mg each. The guns were suspected to be stolen. 

Credit: https://awesomeamerica.com/kansas/
If you live in Kansas City, and have fallen victim to substance abuse don’t hesitate to seek treatment. There are enormous resources in at your disposal.

KANSAS DRUG LAWS

Schedule 1

These drugs are considered not to have any medical benefit and users are at high-risk for addiction and abuse.

  • Opiates and their derivatives are considered Schedule I under KSA 65-4105.
  • Hallucinogens and their derivatives are considered Schedule I under KSA 65-4105.
  • Depressants are considered Schedule I under KSA 65-4105.
  • Unless specifically exempted or listed in another schedule, any drug affecting the central nervous system is considered Schedule I under KSA 65-4105.
  • Cannabinoids and their derivatives are considered Schedule I under KSA 65-4105.

Schedule 2

These drugs are considered to have medical value, but users are at high- risk for addiction and abuse.

  • Morphine is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Codeine is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Hydrocodone is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Dilaudid is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Demorol is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Oxycodone is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Fentanyl is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Methadone is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Vicodin is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Sufentanil is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Coca Leaves is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Amphetamines is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Phenobarbital is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Adderall is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.
  • Ritalin is categorized as Schedule II under KSA 65-4107.

Schedule 3

  • Amobarbital is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.
  • Secobarbital is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.
  • Barbituric Acid is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.
  • Sulfonethylmethane is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.
  • Ketamine is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.
  • Tylenol with Codeine is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.
  • Anabolic Steroids (including testosterone) is categorized as Schedule III under KSA 65-4109.

Schedule 4

  • Alprazolam is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Diazepam is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Fospropofol is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Lorazepam is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Zopiclone is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Butyl Nitrite is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Xanax is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Vailum is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Avitan is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Ambien is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.
  • Tramadol is categorized as Schedule IV under KSA 65-4111.

DRUG ABUSE STATISTICS

The most common drug abuse treatment admission episodes, by a long-shot, involved marijuana, with over 4,000 episodes in 2010 alone. Stimulants came in second most common at over 1,500 episodes, with Cocaine a close third at over 1,000 and other opiates tagging not far behind at over 500.

Underage use of marijuana is running rampant in Kansas City, making 35% of most commonly abused drugs among 12th graders.

DRUG ABUSE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

Think a loved one may be struggling with addiction? Here are a few general tell-tale signs that can help you identify whether a loved one might have developed an addiction:

Physical Symptoms:

  • Bloodshot or glazed eyes
  • Excessively constricted or dilated pupils
  • Abrupt weight change
  • Bruises or infections at drug insertion site
  • Yellowing skin
  • Burn marks around the mouth and fingers
  • Scratch sores on skin
  • Lack of interest in personal hygiene

Behavioral Symptoms:

  • Increased aggression or irritability
  • Depression
  • Sudden changes in social networks
  • Detrimental sleep patterns (remaining awake or asleep for longer than normal)
  • Sudden personality changes
  • Excessive desire for privacy
  • Defensive behavior
  • Excessive disinterest in important activities such as school or work

RISK FACTORS

You may be at risk for drug abuse if:

  • You have an unsupportive/non-present family or members who have a drug addiction
  • Your friends, co-workers, or other peers abuse drugs
  • You’ve been exposed to physical, emotional, mental or other kinds of abuse
  • You have used or have been addicted to drugs at an early age
  • You’re overly stressed
  • You struggle with mental health such as depression, anxiety, eating disorders, etc
  • You experience financial or academic failure

REHABILITATION

Assessment:

There is no substitute for a professional drug screening by a trained doctor. However, in order to determine a possible need to approach a medical professional about a possible addiction, you may attempt one or a few of many self-assessment tests out there.

These tests will ask you to take a look at your lifestyle and habits, asking questions such as:

  • Has the quality of your health, happiness, and/or relationships declined since starting the use of drugs?
  • Do you go to excessive lengths to obtain drugs?
  • Has drug abuse ever caused you to seek medical attention?
  • Does the thought of taking drugs cross your mind excessively?
  • Have you had difficulty remembering events after using drugs?
  • Has your academic and/or professional performance decreased since starting the use of drugs?
  • Do you experience withdrawal symptoms when you have not taken drugs in a while?

The most accurate question you could ask yourself to determine if you may be abusing drugs, however, is this: “How many times in the past year have you taken an illegal drug or used a prescription drug for nonmedical reasons?”

Pre-Intake:

Before you are admitted into a rehabilitation program, you will visit a medical professional who will help determine if you have an addiction, what kind of addiction it is, if there are any coexisting addictions, and what recovery method will be best for you as an individual. Hiding or fudging any pertinent information about your addiction can seriously damage your chances at recovery. Being honest and forthright to your doctor is imperative to developing a rehabilitation plan that is tailored towards your success.

You doctor/physician/or counsellor will review your physical and mental health and ask you questions about what led to these substance abuse habits. A few methods can be used, including the Texas Christian University Drug Screen II (TCUDS II), which is a 15 item self-assessment that takes 5-10 minutes to complete, or the CAGE test, which contains the following questions:

  • Have you ever felt that you need to Cut down on your drug use?
  • Have people Annoyed you by criticizing your drug use?
  • Have you ever felt bad or Guilty about your drug use?
  • Have you ever used drugs first thing in the morning (Eyeopener) or to steady your nerves or get the day started?

Intake:

The intake process generally consists of five steps:

  • Contacting an admissions coordinator
  • Complete a few interviews and questionnaires
  • Receive medical and mental health assessment
  • Learn about your treatment program
  • Meet with your therapist
Contacting An Admissions Coordinator

In this step, you will call the facility and provide information such as name, age, and addiction type and severity. All information you give is kept confidential.

Interviews

The intake process requires quite a few interviews and questionnaires to tailor the treatment process to your exact needs. A few questions may include, “What drugs are you currently using?”, “How long have you been using these drugs?”, “Have you attended a rehab facility before?”, and “What encouraged you to seek assistance now?”

Medical and Mental Health Assessments

If mental health issues weren’t present at the start of the addiction, consistent drug abuse will bring about the very worst thoughts in the very best people. Your facilitator will determine how far the abuse has affected you and place any necessary treatments that will benefit your mental and physical health into your overall recovery plan.

Learning About Your Treatment Plan

No two addictions are exactly alike. Your physician or counsellor will lay out the plan tailored towards your recovery so you can work with your team towards success.

Meeting With Your Therapist

You will then meet your therapist, who will be your mentor in overcoming your addiction and beginning your new life.

Detox:

After the Intake process is completed, you may need to submit for detoxification. This will rid your system of all harmful substances and cleanse the chemicals from your body. You may experience symptoms of withdrawal at this stage with varying degrees of severity. There may be medications available to ease these symptoms during this process, so check in with your therapist and physician to see what options are available that will help you the most.

Inpatient Treatment:

This method of treatment creates a safe, controlled atmosphere in which the patient can come and separate themselves from the pressures of everyday living so they can heal both physically and mentally from an addiction. Please call before admission to find out what personal possessions are and are not allowed as well as to see what your new daily life will be like.

Schedules may include activities such as group therapy, yoga, and other healthful activities that will create helpful habits to assist in preventing relapse. An inpatient program may last anywhere from 3-6 weeks to 6-12 months, depending on the needs of the patient.

Outpatient Treatment:

Sometimes, Inpatient treatments are either unnecessary or not recommended for a patient’s needs. If this is the case, outpatient care is also available. This option may be provided when a patient is employed or if the addiction is very mild. Outpatient methods may include personal or group therapy, drug education, and day intensives that implement the 12-Step Initiative to best serve the needs of the patient and ensure success.

Aftercare:

The longer the aftercare for a patient, the greater the increase of the chances of their success. The goals of every aftercare program are the same. They include the desires to: maintain recovery from substance abuse, the discovery of methods to prevent relapse, and to create a life full of meaningful relationships and purpose. Continued therapy during this phase is vital. You may select from a number of various methods to add on to the therapy appointments you attend, such as equine therapy, group therapy, or family councils.

Sober Living:

At times, a patient may not feel comfortable enough with their new habits to immediately return to society. In these cases, places called Sober Living Neighborhoods are available. Places like this are dedicated to assisting recovering addicts in their pathway to re-entering the pressures of everyday life. Regular jobs are encouraged, homes regularly inspected, and therapy sessions, both group and personal, are provided to ensure success.

No two addictions are exactly alike and none will be eradicated within a mere day or two. It takes time, patience, and dedication to change one’s life, but when that burden is lifted, you will find a sense of self you may have never experienced before.