Monday, June 24, 2019

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Drugs and Substance Abuse and Treatment in Plainfield, New Jersey

Drug Rehab In Plainfield

Plainfield is a city located within New Jersey in the United States of America. The city is fondly referred to as the Queen City. With a population of just over 50,600 people the city has an average income of $98,708 per household. There are 62 percent white collar and 38 percent blue collar employees in this city. It boasts of having some of the most exciting tourist attractions and restaurants. However, beneath the beautiful picture there is a growing cause of concern when it comes to drug abuse and addiction.

With an increasing number of drug related emergencies being reported in various hospitals across the city authorities attribute these complications to the use of heroin, cocaine, marijuana and alcohol. Individuals in this city also use other types of drugs in isolated cases. What makes this city one of the hotspots for drug abuse in the U.S  is the fact that it features busy seasports, two international airports and an elaborate road network. These infrastructural developments while being good act as a double edged sword because they also create the ideal drug trafficking conditions. Not only does the city act as a transit point but it has also become a supply point for the local population.

Local authorities attribute 70 percent  of violent crime in New Jersey including Plainfield  to the use of narcotics. Of course there are several programs that have been rolled out to curb the menace of drug use with some being  early education in schools and community based programs aimed at creating awareness on the dangers of drug use. While these initiatives have had a positive impact the truth is that a lot still needs to be done to help individuals that are already using drugs and throwing away their lives because of addiction while tearing apart their families in the process.

How drug abuse affects individuals and their families

At the start of drug use most people do it out of curiosity. Teenagers are often pushed into drug use due to peer pressure or bad influence from role models such as their favorite actors or singers. The adult population gets into drug abuse to try and contain stressful situations or simply have a good time. Those who are lucky may try out a drug and have an unpleasant experience which makes them stop further use. However, the majority of those that try out a new drug and enjoy the high or euphoria that comes with it are likely to use it again at a later stage. Repeated use of drugs eventually leads to addiction.

Heroin

As the most commonly used drug in Plainfield, heroin poses a great threat to the social, economic and health aspects of living here. The drug contains powerful properties that make it react with the body within 3 to 4 minutes of use. Heroin is often used for recreational purposes, but individuals that use it once or twice within a short period are likely to become dependent on it. This means that their bodies will no longer be able to function correctly unless they ingest some amount of the substance. Once hooked to this drug it is quite difficult to break free. Here are some of the effects of taking heroin:

  1. Drowsiness
  2. Individuals may become numb to pain
  3. General body weakness and lack of motivation
  4. Itchy skin
  5. Confusion
  6. Decrease in heart rate
  7. Acute sensitivity to light
  8. Poor appetite followed by malnutrition
  9. Sleep disturbances
  10. Increased aggression and violent behavior
  11. Social isolation
  12. Memory complications
  13. Death from overdose

Cocaine

This is the second most commonly used drug in Plainfield. It may also be referred to as coke, candy, cola, snow and stash. Users can snort, inhale as smoke or inject it into their veins using a syringe. The drug acts within seconds of getting ingested making the user feel euphoric for a short period of time. Repeated use of this drug eventually leads to addiction. While experiencing a high individuals often get an intense feeling of happiness. However, this is short-lived and the consequences can be devastating. Here are some of the negatives of taking this substance.

 

  1. Unpredictable sleep patterns
  2. Increased blood pressure
  3. Faster rate of breathing
  4. Profuse sweating
  5. Hallucinations that may scare family members and friends
  6. Intense paranoia
  7. Heightened risk of infections such as HIV
  8. Liver, lung and kidney damage
  9. Increase in risky behavior or breaking of laws
  10. Death from overdose

Marijuana

This is the third most commonly used drug in this city. It is fairly easy to find and often gets a lot of attention in movies and songs. This could be a contributing factor to its popularity among users. This substance may also go by a number of street names including dope, pot, weed, ganja, cripple, ashes and grass. Just like every other narcotic its use starts out as being recreational only to end up being torturous in the long run. Some of the negative effects of this drug include the following.

 

  1. A sharp decline in intelligence quotient
  2. Violent behavior towards family members or friends and the general public
  3. Increased cases of stealing and lying
  4. Poor performance in school or workplace
  5. Onset of psychosis or difficulty in differentiating imagination from reality
  6. Paranoia
  7. Depression and an increase in appetite
  8. Short-term memory loss
  9. Increase in behavior that may lead to arrest

Overall outcome of drug abuse

Regardless of the type of drug an individual chooses the overall outcome is almost always the same. It starts off as an innocent experiment that quickly turns out to be a routine. Before the individual realizes it he or she is already addicted to the substance of choice. People that repeatedly use drugs end up isolating themselves from loved ones. They also ignore their daily obligations putting a lot of strain on finances and relationships. Those that become violent eventually force their family members to abandon them which farther creates more problems for the society.

Getting help for an individual that is using drugs

If you are an individual that is using drugs and would like to stop the habit you must realize that it may not be possible for you to do it on your own. Seeking help from a professional can be key to breaking free from the bondage of abuse and addiction. If on the other hand you are a family member or friend to a person that seems to be using drugs it is important for you to approach the issue carefully. Any wrong move may end up pushing the individual farther away from help. Reach out to a local drug addiction hotline for advise on how to approach your case or talk to a local social worker for assistance.

How to detect drug abuse by a loved one

During the initial stages of drug use it may not be easy to determine if an individual is using. However, after a period of time there are certain signs and symptoms that develop. In the beginning it may be a strange smell on the clothes or breath. The individual is likely to change the group of friends he or she hangs out with and start coming back home during late hours. An unusual need for money or draining of savings without any explanation are also signs to watch out for. Other signs that may occur include:

 

  • Sudden increase or decrease in weight
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Slurred speech or impaired coordination
  • Unusual sleep patterns or sleeping during odd hours
  • A lack of concern with personal hygiene and dressing
  • Aggressive or violent behavior

Treatment for drug addiction and related issues

While the consequences of drug abuse and addiction can be devastating to health, financial status and relationships there is hope for those who seek out assistance. Regardless of the severity of addiction there are programs that are designed to help people recover and possibly get their lives back on track. Indeed there are hundreds of people that have managed to pull back from the trap of addiction and are now pursuing their own unique life goals. Here are the steps involved in getting treatment.

  1. Intervention

It is during this period that family members become concerned about the welfare of their loved one. The signs and symptoms of drug abuse and addiction become obvious forcing close family members or friends to seek help. People are encouraged to approach a social worker or professional counselor for assistance dealing with the issue. Such a professional is trained in drug abuse and related issues making them the ideal person to offer tips and guidance on how to tackle the situation.

The professional is likely to come up with a plan that involves just about every member of the family. The key is to help the individual abusing drugs realize that they are not only putting themselves at risk but also affecting everyone else. Once the drug user understands the damage he or she may be causing it will be easier to initiate other stages of treatment. Keep in mind that before intervention it may be quite difficult to encourage the drug user to get help.

  1. Assessment

At this stage the individual using drugs has agreed to treatment and is therefore taken through a series of tests to ascertain his or her condition. A social worker or treatment official is likely to note down the history of drug use and visible signs and symptoms that the patient may have. The age, gender and spiritual beliefs of the individual are also taken into consideration because such information can be integral to proper treatment and recovery. In certain cases lab tests may be conducted to ascertain the amount of substance in the patient’s system.

  1. Pre-Intake and Intake

Pre-Intake involves verifying of the information that was taken in the second stage. It also includes letting family members know about possible treatment options and the costs that may be involved. Intake takes place once all terms and conditions have been agreed upon by the rehabilitation center and the family or guardian of the patient. An individual may be admitted to either inpatient or outpatient care facilities.

Inpatient care – this refers to treatment that takes place at a designated facility. To be admitted to such care the amount of substance in the system must be extremely high and the possibility of severe withdrawal effects is a cause for concern. Individuals under this type of care are not allowed to leave the treatment facility but may have visitors during the weekends or holidays.

Outpatient care – in this type of treatment the patient is allowed to attend a few sessions at the designated facility but can later go back home. The treatment is given to individuals that are not severely affected by the use of drugs. The patients in this case are able to make informed decisions although sometimes they can  make mistakes. This type of care is mostly recommended for people that make the decision to get help on their own or those that have not lost self-control.

  1. Treatment

Once an individual has been enrolled for treatment there are a number of things that may be involved depending on the type of drug used, severity of use and personal issues as determined by a qualified doctor.

Detox – this refers to the process that the human body goes through when getting rid of toxins. Doctors may use a variety of techniques to aid in the process. This may sometimes involve a gradual reduction in ingestion of a given substance until the patient is no longer dependent on the said substance.

Medication – an individual that is severely affected by drug use is likely to experience a number of underlying health complications. These may include infections, diseases and injuries. Doctors usually administer prescription medications to help deal with such health problems.

Counseling – an individual that is addicted to drugs may have gone through a lot of traumatizing events. These events tend to stick to the mind and unless they are resolved they may lead to relapse. Counseling helps patients to come to terms with the reality of the things that may have led to drug abuse and the ensuing consequences. It is only when a patient is fully convinced and resolves to stop drug use that treatment can continue to successful completion.

Spiritual nourishment – while under treatment it is important for patients to be given spiritual nourishment. This allows them to accept their weaknesses and look up to a higher power for strength and inspiration. Feelings of guilt that often characterize drug abuse can be dealt with when individuals realize that they can still live a happy life without worrying about spiritual consequences.

Formation of support groups – sharing your own experiences or listening to the experiences that other people have gone through can be a good way to find inspiration and encouragement. This is why formation of support groups have been found to be an effective way to ensure success during recovery.

Follow up – this can sometimes be referred to as aftercare. It basically involves monitoring the patient after being discharged from a treatment center or program. Aftercare makes it possible for caregivers to keep encouraging recovering patients and minimizes the chances of relapse. Follow ups are  structured in such a way that they are not intrusive but rather offer a sense of relief to the patient.

  1. Sober living

Having successfully completed a treatment program a lot of patients are allowed to go back to their families and continue with their normal lifestyle. It is advisable that family members be quite supportive because reintegration with the society may be challenging for the recovering patient.

To avoid relapsing patients should avoid situations that may lead to temptations. Clubbing or going to parties that are characterized with the use of drugs and alcohol should be shunned. Avoid keeping alcohol or other drugs in the house because the mere sight of such things may trigger cravings.

It is worth pointing out that there are special facilities referred to as sober living houses where recovering patients may get enrolled. These facilities are not rehabilitation centers but offer a conducive environment for recovery.

Where to get addiction treatment

Treatment for drug overdose or health issues that require emergency care must be done in a health facility such as a clinic or hospital. Keep in mind that overdosing on narcotics can compromise the way the human body functions posing a danger to life. Some of the most commonly affected organs include the brain, heart, lungs and kidneys.

For addiction treatment it is recommended that individuals be enrolled in rehabilitation centers within Plainfield or outside. The cost of treatment depends on various factors including the type of drug involved and severity of addiction. The facility that a patient is taken to may also have its own unique pricing policy.

When picking an ideal rehabilitation center some of the things to consider include overall costs, past records of success with regards to patient recovery, state of the art facilities, highly qualified personnel and a program that caters to the patient’s physical, spiritual and mental health.