Sayreville, New Jersey
Sayreville is a borough in Middesex County, New Jersey that is home to 44,904 citizens. Over half of the population, 57%, is Caucasian, 16.9% of the population is Asian, 12.6% is Black and 11.9% are Hispanic. The per capita income I Sayreville is $34,048 and is higher than the nation’s per capita income. The median household income, $80,386, is also significantly higher than the nation’s which is $53,657. The borough is divided even further into distinct neighborhoods which include Parlin, Borough Center, Ernston, Gillespie, Morgan Heights and Sayre Woods. The average value of a home in the borough is $302,000.
In terms of crime, Sayreville is safer than 72% of other America cities and has a relatively low crime rate. For every 100,000-people living in the borough, there have been 405 annual crime reports. Property crime is the most common form, occurring 375 times for every 100,000 residents. Theft other than vehicle theft is the highest type of property crime which is reported 292 crimes for every 100,000 people and the least common is vehicle theft that is reported 33 times for every 100,000 residents. Violent crimes occur far less commonly than property crimes and are only reported 30 times for every 100,000 residents. Assault is the highest type accounting for 18 times for every 100,000 reports and the lowest type is murder which is only reported 1 time for every 100,000 people in Sayreville.
UNDERSTANDING THE TREATMENT PROCESS
In any type of treatment, going through an assessment process is typically the first step. This can take place in the form of a phone call or an on-site visit and is intended for the assessment specialist to gain important general information about the patient. This can include past medical records, insurance information and information on any past treatment. From this point, the patient may schedule an appointment to visit the facility and begin their treatment or may transition straight into their program.
The pre-intake step of treatment typically involves a lot of paperwork. The patient may be sent this paperwork before their arrival to complete at home or it may be completed online. This usually includes more detailed information that was not covered during the assessment. The more honest the patient is during their pre-intake, the more helpful their treatment plan will be. It is also suggested that the patient write down any questions they may have at this time so that they can get them answered during the intake process.
Patients meet with a team of specialists following their pre-intake which may include a counselor, psychiatrist and medical doctor. This is where the patient will be able to ask questions and gain more information about the nature of their treatment. Usually the staff and patient will work together to create a set of personal goals for the patient to accomplish while they are completing their program. Individualized treatment plans may also be discussed and created together. These goals and treatment plan are not permanent and will usually adjust throughout the course of treatment as the staff sees fit depending on the patient’s progress.
When substance abuse is taking place, the human body grows accustomed to receiving the drug on a regular basis. This is why the patient needs to go through a detox to remove the substances from their body in a safe, healthy way. Detox typically takes anywhere from 3-10 days and differs for everybody. It also takes place in a private, medically-staffed building that is usually separated from the rest of the treatment facility.
This process typically starts with a physical evaluation to ensure that the patient can undergo detox in a safe and healthy way. This is also a way for doctors and other staff to learn what other kinds of medical conditions the patient may have and can specifically watch for them. A mental evaluation also takes place, so the staff can look for and diagnose any co-occurring disorders the patient may have. It is following this step that the patient begins the stabilization process and enters sobriety.
Detox is an extremely important step in recovery, but the side effects can be hard on the patient. Physical side effects include palpitations, muscle tension, headaches and trouble breathing. The emotional side effects can be anxiety, depression, irritability and insomnia. The severity of the side effects depends on the individual and the severity and length of their addiction. If the substance abuse was consistent over a long period of time, the patient is at risk for more serious side effects like strokes, seizures and heart attacks.
Inpatient treatment centers are typically the next step following detox. While there are different types of inpatient programs that all vary in intensity and style, the common factor is that patients either live at the facility or spend a longer amount of time a week in treatment than an outpatient program could offer. The three most common types of inpatient programs are residential treatment centers, partial hospitalization programs and intensive outpatient programs.
Residential Treatment Centers (RTCs) are the most intensive form of treatment that many patients start out in. Here, patients live in the facility with full-time support and are not allowed to leave until their program is completed. Programs usually last from 30-120 days, but as always it depends on the individual. The program includes individual therapy and group sessions multiple times during the week as well as therapeutic activities and important life skills classes that are intended to help the patient be more self-sustainable.
In Partial Hospitalization Programs (PHP)s patients do not live at the facility and receive 24-hour care but rather commute to their program as if it were a full-time job. In some cases, the facility will offer residencies that are available to the patient, but they do not offer the same full-time care that they would receive in an RTC facility. The activities that the programs offer are very similar to RTCs, like individual therapy, group sessions, life skills and education training.
Intensive Outpatient Programs (IOPs) can act like a “step down” program from PHP and is the least intense of the three common types of inpatient treatment. In this program, patients meet about three days a week in the evenings for a few hours. This level of treatment permits the patients to work full time jobs and fulfill their other responsibilities while still receiving treatment at a more intensive level than typical outpatients. Previous outpatient patients may also utilize this service when they need more support than what they were previously receiving, but do not require the level of intensity other types of inpatient treatment may provide.
Outpatient is one of the most commonly utilized forms of treatment as patients only attend meetings or appointments once or twice a week. It is very useful for patients who may be transitioning out of an inpatient program and still need extra support. Group and individual therapy are the most common types of programs when it comes to outpatient. The length of time a patient may require outpatient care can range anywhere from a few months to a year depending on the individual and might not have a set program length like most inpatient programs do.
Patient aftercare is crucial following treatment for a drug and alcohol addiction because it provides ongoing support while also preventing a relapse or other unhealthy behaviors. Aftercare is available in many different forms. Sometimes they are residential and provide patients with full-time care or they are infrequent and only occur once or twice a week. A good aftercare program will help the patient with problems that may have occurred as a result of the addiction like career problems, housing issues, legal troubles and educational goals.
Sober living facilities, sometimes referred to as halfway houses, are designed for patients that might need extra help transitioning into independent living following their treatment. These facilities provide a home for people who may be dealing with homelessness or cannot return to their previous home for any reason. In some cases, patients are able to leave during the day to explore employment opportunities or take part in other activities but must return by a certain time to be allowed to keep staying there. The also work on the life skills they will need in everyday relationships and once they start living on their own.
The 12 Step Program
Regardless of the type of treatment the patient is receiving, there is a good chance it will follow the 12-step program. This is the most commonly used program to treat drug and alcohol addiction and encourages the idea that people can help each other maintain sobriety. Through the steps, the patient works through stages where they accept that they have an addiction, surrender to that addiction and decide to seek help, become self-aware of symptoms and behaviors, and building self-esteem and self-acceptance in their newfound sobriety. At the end of the program, patients are able to use what they’ve learned to help others who are struggling with the disease.