ADDICTION & OHIO REHAB CENTERS
Ohio state is located in the Midwestern part of the United States of America. With an estimated population of about 11.61 million people it ranks as the 7th most populous state in the United States of America. Columbus is the largest city in the state and doubles up as its capital. The median income for the state is $52,334 per household with an unemployment rate estimated to be at 5.1%. Ohio is among the top producers of greenhouse and nursery plants. This state has also produced 8 presidents which is more than any other state in the country except Virginia.
Underneath the seemingly good statistics this state is grappling with a drug abuse and addiction epidemic that is threatening to reverse some of the gains it has made over the years. A rise in criminal activity, underage drinking, emergency cases in health facilities and deaths are all attributed to the fact that people in this region are abusing prescription drugs, alcohol and illicit substances. And luckily, there are many Ohio rehab centers that cater to this.
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The Drug Abuse and Addiction Problem in Ohio
After conducting a number of studies authorities in the state have found out that at least 700,000 residents of the state have abused either a legal or illicit substance within the past five years. Approximately 20% of the adult population has admitted to binge drinking. It is worth pointing out that binge drinking is taking too much alcohol within a short period of time. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines binge drinking as taking more than 5 drinks for men or 4 drinks for women within a period of two hours.
Alcohol and prescription medication are among the leading legal causes of drug abuse, addiction and emergencies in health facilities. Heroin, marijuana and cocaine are among the most commonly abused illicit substances in this state. To put the epidemic into perspective note that the CDC has categorized Ohio as one of the top 5 leading states in substance abuse and addiction. It is also among the most costly states when it comes to the amount of money spent on dealing with the consequences of substance abuse. The state spends 2 cents of every dollar on drug abuse and addiction awareness programs and a further 90 cents of every dollar on managing the repercussions of drug abuse and addiction.
A particularly alarming trend in this state is the fact that the rate of deaths as a result of overdosing is increasing. In 2016 over 4000 people died because of overdose related complications. This marked a 32% increase from the previous year. To help manage the situation the government has initiated various programs that discourage use, possession or sale of illicit substances. Local authorities arrest and present suspects to court for conviction. Learning institutions have incorporated certain programs to create awareness on the dangers of drug use while faith based organizations have also done a great deal to educate their followers on the consequences of drug use.
While these are steps in the right direction it is important to acknowledge that there are some residents of the state that are already abusing or addicted to drugs. Such people may be unable to untangle themselves from the bondage of drug addiction which is why they must be helped. There are a number of rehabilitation centers within the state and outside that can offer some of the most effective treatment solutions for substance addicts.
State Laws Pertaining to Illicit Substances
There are various state laws in place to help deal with the menace of illicit drug use and sale. These laws may differ from one state to another which is why it is encouraged that people should be aware of the laws that are applicable to their state. Here is a look at some of the laws that pertain to specific drugs in the state of Ohio.
Heroin – all states in the country prohibit the sale, transport and possession of the drug heroin. Individuals found guilty of possession are liable to a jail term of no less than six months. Anyone found selling this drug within a 1000 feet radius to a learning institution is liable to a more severe punishment. First time minor offenders are offered probation by most courts in the region. Probation may be extended to individuals provided they agree to join a rehabilitation program.
Cocaine – this is another illegal drug in the state. The severity of the penalty given to any individual found in possession may depend on various factors including amount of the substance and proximity to learning institutions. When found in possession individuals may be sentenced to a minimum of six months. The sentence may go up to 3 years and can equally attract a fine.
Marijuana – while some states in America have legalized the use of recreational marijuana it remains illegal in Ohio. However, the state has decriminalized its use and loosened penalties relating to possession. Marijuana taken for medicinal purposes is allowed provided that the individual can show proof of prescription.
Alcohol – this drink is legally allowed for individuals that have attained the age of 21. However, anyone below this age can be charged with juvenile criminal activity or minor misdemeanor and a relevant penalty extended. The sale of the drink to anyone below this age is also an offense in in the state of Ohio. If you are throwing a party or have alcoholic drinks in your home it is important to keep an eye out on them just so you discourage use by teenagers. In certain instances host liability (which may involve teenagers sneaking beer or other alcoholic drinks from your party) may be punished by a court of law. Another important point to note is that you are not allowed to drive while under the influence of alcohol.
Prescription drugs – it is imperative that you present a written prescription from a doctor before acquiring drugs from your local pharmacy. While there are no laws restraining the purchase of common painkillers it is advisable that you only use them according to the instructions of a qualified doctor. Keep all prescription drugs away from reach of young children to avoid any unpleasant incidents.
A Look At Some Of The Most Commonly Abused Substances In Ohio
The use of specific substances may vary from one state to another depending on factors like ease of access, proximity to transit points, state laws and enforcement programs among other things. Here are some of the most commonly abused substances in the region and how they impact the lives of users.
This is one of the most addictive drugs in the region today. In most cases it is available as a white or brown powder. Heroin black tar is available in the form of a sticky black substance. Users can take this drug by way of sniffing, snorting, smoking or injecting into the veins. In certain cases it may be mixed with other substances to increase potency or the intensity of the high that individuals experience. Most users of this drug hardly refer to it with the official name but rather prefer street names such as smack, H, tar, snow, dope, dragon, junk, Mexican brown and white.These names are commonly used to conceal its true identity in an effort to evade law enforcement officials or prevent close family members from finding out that the individual is using it.
When individuals take this drug they experience feelings of joy or happiness. The sensation is such that users feel as if the world has slowed down which is why some people tend to think slowly and may walk or motion in a slowed manner. Some studies have found that users sometimes feel as if they are dreaming. The intensity of the rush from heroin depends on the amount of the substance taken and the method of taking it. Some of the signs and symptoms that may occur afterwards include small pupils, watery eyes, runny nose, dry mouth, heavy feelings in the legs and arms. The flip side of using this drug is that the more it is used the more dangerous it becomes to the user. It alters the way the body functions which is why it ultimately produces the negative effects listed below.
- Development of bacterial infections to blood vessels and heart valves
- Liver or kidney disease
- Lung complications that may include pneumonia and tuberculosis
- Infections such as HIV due to sharing of needles while injecting heroin into the veins
- Menstrual disturbances
- Depression and introversion
- Sleep disturbances or insomnia
- Compromised sexual ability and long term impotence in men
- Inability to achieve orgasm for both men and women
- Muscular weakness stemming from frequent injections
- Death due to overdose and poor health
Cocaine is a stimulant meaning it has the effect of increasing levels of energy, alertness and attention. The substance is derived from the coca plant which is a plant that is traditionally found in South America. This substance is quite powerful which is why most of the people that use it end up becoming addicts. Because it is an illegal substance you will hardly find anyone referring to it with the official name.
Most people use alternative names such as coke, crack, rock, blow, snow, paradise, flake, sneeze, charlie and dust. This substance is available in a variety of forms with the most common being a white powder and solid rock crystals. Cocaine powder is taken by way of snorting or rubbing into the gums. Some individuals prefer taking it by way of injection after dissolving it in water. Cocaine crystals are often heated up and inhaled as smoke or vapor.
When individuals take this substance the result is a buildup of dopamine in their brains and this induces feelings of pleasure. The high is characterized by heightened alertness and energy levels. Because of this effect most of the people that use the drug do it when going to a party or nightclub to have fun. Other signs that may occur when an individual has taken cocaine include sensitivity to light, touch and sound, feelings of intense happiness, decrease in appetite and mood swings. It is important to note that individuals that continue using this drug quickly develop tolerance. This means they have to continually increase the amount they ingest to achieve a high. However, the more cocaine is taken the greater the damage it causes to the physical and psychological health of the user. Here are some of the negative effects that are bound to occur if individuals continue taking the substance.
- Damage to the lungs
- Compromised sexual performance including erectile dysfunction
- Sudden onset of convulsions and seizures
- Heart related complications such as stroke, heart disease and heart attack
- Frequent episodes of headaches
- Increased risk of infections such as HIV and hepatitis due to sharing of needles
- Loss of sense of smell
- Nosebleeds and runny nose
- Weakened muscles or partial paralysis due to frequent injections
- Antisocial behavior such as theft, lying and violence to raise enough money to buy more drugs
- Breaking of social connections with friends or family members
- Death due to overdose and other health complications
Alcohol is a beverage that is harmless when taken in moderation. Some studies even suggest that a small amount of the drink can actually have health benefits. However, individuals that abuse this drink put their own lives at risk. They also cause distress to friends and family members. Some of the alternative names that may be used to refer to alcohol include booze, brewskis, sauce, hooch, hard stuff and juice. Beer, wine, liquor, whiskey, wine coolers and certain coffee drinks are considered alcoholic. Teenagers should be advised against the use of alcohol because it may compromise their ability to study and may also affect their health.
Alcohol is a central nervous system depressant. This means it causes your brain to respond slowly or fail to respond in a manner that is ideal. This is why driving while under the influence is illegal. Another problem with alcohol is that the more you drink it the more it compromises your immune system making it easier for infections and diseases to have a devastating impact on your health. Other effects of alcohol are listed below.
- Increases the size of the heart
- Increases heart rate
- May cause ulcers
- May cause stomach upset
- Can lead to development of anemia
- Decreases perception and coordination
- May cause liver disease
- Can result in permanent damage to the brain
- May trigger cancer of the mouth and throat
- May cause antisocial behavior such as lying, stealing and aggression
- May lead to financial problems
This is a substance derived from a plant by the name of cannabis sativa. Recent research has shown that occasional use of marijuana does not have any negative effects to health. It is also true that this substance may be used for medical purposes. It is important to realize that the state of Ohio has not legalized recreational marijuana meaning that anyone found in possession may end up on the wrong side of the law.
Studies have shown that 1 out of every 3 people in the United States have tried this substance at some point in their lifetime. Some alternative names used to refer to marijuana include pot, weed, dope, ganja, grass, boom, chronic, cheeba, bammy, blanket, skunk, dagga and cripple.
Marijuana is made up of flowers, stems, leaves and seeds from the cannabis sativa plant. A majority of people take this substance by way of smoking. However, a few people prefer taking it when mixed with foods such as brownies, cookies and lollipops. Marijuana can also be brewed as tea or inhaled as vapor. Regardless of the method used to take this substance it ultimately affects all the organs of the body. It also has an impact on the nervous and immune system of the user.
Immediately after taking this substance a majority of people feel pleasant, calm and relaxed. Some people may develop fits and giggles while others may find themselves feeling laid back and uncaring about the world. Researchers agree that the marijuana high varies from one person to another depending on the method of intake and amount of substance taken. Some of the short-term effects that may occur after taking marijuana include dilated pupils, red eyes, dry mouth, dizziness, an increase in appetite, shallow breathing and slowed reaction time. Individuals that continue taking marijuana over the long term may end up developing negative effects such as listed below.
- A sharp decline in IQ especially for people that started using the substance in their teenage years
- Increased risk of stroke and other heart complications
- Loss of sense of personal identity
- Extreme anxiety or paranoia
- Antisocial behavior including lying, stealing and aggression
- Risky behavior including having unprotected sex with strangers
- Financial difficulties especially for those who have become addicted to the substance
- Breaking of social relations owing to unbecoming behavior and neglect of responsibilities
- Difficulty in solving complex problems
- Hallucinations that may involve seeing, smelling and hearing things that do not really exist
Prescription drugs are basically those drugs that are used to treat medical conditions including headaches, injury and other forms of pain. These drugs are often recommended by doctors who hope that patients will follow instructions of use. However, the National Institute on Drug Abuse estimates that over 48 million people have used these drugs for nonmedical reasons. The number represents 20% of the total population of the United States. Wrong use or abuse of these drugs is a major cause of emergencies in health facilities located within Ohio. It is worth noting that continuous use of these drugs leads to addiction.
The most commonly abused prescription drugs are opioids which are generally painkillers. These may include Oxycodone, hydrocodone, codeine and methadone. Central nervous system depressants such as benzodiazepines used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders equally make up part of the most commonly abused drugs. Stimulants such as amphetamine and Adderall used in the treatment of attention deficit disorder and narcolepsy are also among the drugs that may lead to addiction.
When taken according to instructions of a doctor these drugs can offer relief from pain and other medical conditions. Individuals that follow instructions of use hardly ever have to deal with addiction. However, abuse can quickly lead to addiction and overdose which may cause death. The situation is made worse when these drugs are taken together with other substances such as alcohol or other central nervous system depressants. Below are some of the negative effects of abusing prescription drugs.
- Feeling high or euphoric
- Slurred speech
- Impaired walking
- Increased body temperature
- Sleep disturbances or insomnia
- Drowsiness and confusion
- Damage to certain body organs
- Withdrawal side-effects in case the user ceases from further use
- Death from overdose and other medical complications
What is Substance Abuse, Dependence and Addiction?
Substance abuse – refers to a habit of using a substance in a manner that is not right. It can involve taking more drugs than the doctor recommended. It may also involve taking less of a medication than recommended by a doctor. Another aspect of drug abuse involves taking a drug for a reason other than what a doctor prescribed it for. Drinking too much alcohol within a short period of time is another form of substance abuse. Taking illicit drugs in exceedingly high amounts is equally regarded as substance abuse.
Substance tolerance – refers to a state in which the body becomes less responsive to the effects of a drug. This usually occurs after taking a given substance repeatedly. Individuals that have become tolerant to drugs or alcohol need to take greater amounts of the same substance to achieve a high. These individuals may also have to mix drugs or types of alcohol to get high.
Substance dependence – is an adaptive condition which occurs when an individual continues taking a particular substance in a regular manner. Once individuals develop substance dependence they may not be able to cease from using the substance. This is because whenever they try to stop they experience withdrawal side-effects. Some examples of these side-effects include shaking, anxiety, headaches, abdominal pains, irritability, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, sweating, depression and loss of appetite.
Substance addiction – this can be described as a disease of the brain that causes the patient to impulsively want to use a given substance. Addiction causes the individual to continue using the drug despite the harm it poses to health, financial status and social relations. It is worth noting that individuals that are addicted to substance may desire to quit the habit but find it extremely difficult to do so. It is possible for an individual to suffer from substance dependence without being an addict. However, the line between the two conditions is quite thin.
Drug overdose – sometimes shortened to OD refers to a condition in which an individual has taken a drug or substance in greater amounts than they are supposed to. When individuals overdose on a substance their bodies are unable to metabolize the drug within the right time and in the correct way which is why negative effects start occuring. Some of the signs and symptoms of drug overdose include:
- Internal bleeding
- Abdominal cramps
- Breathing difficulties or not breathing
- Turning blue
- Visual disturbances
- Forming in the mouth
- General body weakness
Understanding the Process of Substance Addiction
People that are addicted to substances such as alcohol, marijuana, cocaine and heroin went through a process. For some people it took a fairly short time because of a number of factors including the amount of drugs used, the type of drug and the method of intake. However, there are those who become addicted to a substance after a longer period of time. Regardless of the amount of time it took before getting to the stage of addiction the process is always the same. Below are the stages of drug use and addiction.
This is the first stage involved in drug use. At this point an individual is introduced to a substance. This could be alcohol, illicit drugs or prescription medication. In some cases the individual may learn about a particular substance by listening to a song or watching a movie that seems to glorify the pleasurable and fun side of the drug. There are a few people who learn about these substances through their peers while others may find out about these drugs through personal research.
This stage is often innocent in nature because it does not really seem like it could become something serious. At this point the individual’s curiosity is at its peak and they feel like trying out the substance. It is at this stage that peer influence becomes a determining factor. Those who have friends already using particular substances will have easy access to drugs. Teenagers living with people that are using drugs may also find these drugs in the house and decide to experiment. The goal for most people in this stage is to find out how it feels to drink, smoke or inject a drug into their system. The good news is that a few people end up having an unpleasant experience right after taking these drugs. Such people cease from further use. The bad news is that a large percentage of people that try out drugs end up enjoying their first time experience and this encourages them to try it out in the near future. Teenagers are often secretive about their first time experiences meaning they may try it out when they are away from home or if parents are not present during the weekend or holidays.
3. Regular use
At this stage individuals have become fairly used to the substance and are comfortable taking it most of the time. Those that consume alcohol may take it in the evenings and weekends during their free time. Teenagers are likely to use substance after school and over the weekends. At this stage family members may notice an increase in the frequency of use but this may not be enough to raise the red flag. Most people may ignore the stage especially if they are using legal substances such as alcohol and prescription drugs. Those that take illicit substance start becoming careless about their activities which makes it easier for close friends and family members to notice a change in behavior.
4. Problem use
This may sometimes be referred to as risky use. At this stage it is obvious to everyone that the individual is using drugs or drinking too much alcohol. It is at this stage that close family members tend to get concerned with some criticizing the behavior while others trying to compel the individual to slow down. Individuals may start taking their substance of choice even at the most inopportune times and places. This may be in the morning, during the day and nighttime.
It is during this period that most people develop tolerance to drugs or alcohol. This means they have to take higher amounts of the substance to experience a high. They may also opt for mixing different substances to achieve a high. At this stage most people’s behavior change and they become less caring about their own dressing and appearance. They start neglecting their daily obligations and focus more on how to get their next drink or fix. Unless users realize their risky behavior they may quickly slip into addiction.
At this stage individuals have become accustomed to the use of the substance of choice in such a way that stopping inevitably leads to withdrawal effects. To go to school or work the individual must take some amount of the substance of choice just so they feel alert. They may also sneak the substance to their place of work or school just so they can take it secretly. Most of the people that have reached this stage are unable to quit use because of the severe withdrawal effects that ensue. Some people experience effects that are extremely severe which is why they may start contemplating suicide or go ahead and attempt it.
At this stage individuals lose all self-control and mainly think about substance use. They spend most of their time thinking or scheming on how to get their next fix. They may even get into issues such as mugging, stealing and prostitution to raise enough money to buy drugs. It is important to note that anyone that has reached this stage is unable to quit using drugs on their own. Such individuals must receive professional help to free them from the bondage of addiction. Treatment of any type of substance addiction takes place in facilities known as rehabilitation centers.
Signs Of Drug Use
When a teenager starts taking drugs it may be necessary for a parent, teacher or guardian to offer guidance. However, this cannot happen if the person responsible is not aware of the fact that the teenager is taking drugs. Here are some of the most common signs to watch out for.
A sudden change of friends – when teenagers start taking drugs or alcohol they may find it difficult to keep the same company they had before. This is because some of their old friends may not be too keen on taking drugs and alcohol. Young people look for new friends who are already in the habit of using substances because it allows them to do whatever they want without having to deal with criticism and the fear of being reported to parents.
Change in routine – another sign that may point toward drug use is a sudden change in routine. Users may start coming back home during odd hours such as the middle of the day or late at night. It is also true that they tend to change their hangout places.
Unusual odor – when an individual has taken alcohol or certain drugs like marijuana they tend to have unusual breath. Their clothes may also give out odors that characterize their substance of choice.
Marks on the skin – individuals that take drugs by way of injection are likely to develop marks on their skin. If you suspect that a teenager is using drugs observe their skin for any unusual marks and consider if they have also exhibited the signs mentioned above.
Dilated pupils – individuals that take drugs tend to have enlarged pupils of the eyes. This can be evident a few minutes or hours after the individual has taken the drug. It is equally important to note that some individuals have smaller pupils than normal. They may also have red eyes (bloodshot eyes).
Poor grooming habits – close friends and family members of an individual that is using drugs can notice a deterioration in grooming habits. The individual will pay little attention to personal hygiene and dressing. This may be in stark contrast to how the individual behaved a few weeks or months ago.
Abnormal sleep patterns – individuals that take drugs or alcohol may end up falling asleep while at work or school. They may also find it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep.
Impaired speech – individuals that are still under the influence of alcohol or drugs may have slurred speech and slowed reaction time. They may be unable to walk straight.
Secretive behavior – because they do not want anyone to know that they are using drugs users may become secretive in everything they do. Some users isolate themselves from other family members. A considerable number of drug users become introverted meaning they hardly ever open up to other people.
Signs of Drug Abuse and Addiction
It is difficult for a person that is abusing drugs to hide it from friends and loved ones. This is because the signs and symptoms are usually obvious. Here are some of the signs that develop when an individual is abusing drugs.
An increasing need for money – individuals that are abusing drugs have an unexplained need for money. Unknown to friends and family members these individuals want more money to buy drugs or alcohol.
Poor performance at work or school – people that abuse drugs are eventually going to pay little attention to their studies or career obligations. This will result in poor grades for those in school. Those who are working may fail to meet their daily or weekly goals as laid out by the company and this may make it necessary for the employer to consider firing them from work.
Behavior changes – the more individuals use drugs the stranger their behavior will become. Some people may opt for prostitution to raise enough money to buy drugs or alcohol. Others may start stealing, robbing and lying to get money.
Involuntary movements – in certain cases drug users may make involuntary movements known as tremors. They may also start shaking or trembling if they do not get a shot of the drug they are addicted to.
Legal issues – it is common to find drug abusers dealing with a myriad of legal problems. Some may be found guilty of driving while under the influence while others may be found in possession of illegal substances.
Lack of motivation – individuals that have been using drugs for a long time eventually lose their zeal or motivation for life. They appear lethargic and uncaring about the things that are going on.
Increased aggression – when asked about their drug use they are likely to become arrogant or agitated. Some may even become violent and hurt people that try to confront them about their drug issues.
Withdrawal effects – individuals that have become dependant on drugs may develop withdrawal effects. This is among the surest signs that an individual has been abusing drugs. Some of these effects may include sweating, insomnia, abdominal pain, headaches, chills, trembling, dry mouth, nausea and vomiting.
Hallucinations – depending on the type of drug that is used some people may develop hallucinations. This means they are able to see, hear or smell things that do not exist. Some also become extremely paranoid making them appear fearful and worried.
Feelings of guilt – there are times when drug users may decide to open up to a close friend or relative. During such times they will admit to the fact that they hate using drugs and wish to stop. They feel guilty about their habit but are unable to stop it.
Change in weight – depending on the type of drug that is used people may either gain or lose weight within a relatively short time. Keep in mind that some drugs increase appetite while others reduce it.
A deterioration in physical appearance – people that have become addicted to drugs tend to lose their radiant or beautiful look. This is because they are no longer taking care of their hygiene and grooming. The drugs used are also impacting negatively on their health.
Causes of Drug Abuse in Ohio
Whether you live in Cleveland, Sidney, Painesville or any other region of Ohio you can be sure to encounter people using drugs and alcohol in a way that they are not supposed to. Here are some of the things that may cause such individuals to abuse substance.
Peer influence – this is one of the most common reasons why teens start using drugs. It is encouraged that parents should provide guidance on some of the best choices to make when it comes to picking of friends. Teens that tend to hang around friends who are in the habit of using drugs are almost always going to be influenced to start using.
Curiosity – some individuals start using drugs out of curiosity. They may have heard about the effects of the drug and would like to experience it for themselves. In most cases they start use by taking small quantities but later increase the amount of drug intake.
Poverty – people who are not financially stable tend to opt for cheap substances to achieve their goals when it comes to partying or getting rid of boredom. The cheap substances they buy become addictive which is why they end up with a lot of social and financial problems.
Low self-esteem – young people who are not confident about their looks or how they talk may be unable to socialize with peers in a natural way. This may force them to use confidence boosting drugs. However, these drugs only boost confidence for a short time meaning that the teenager will have to use them repeatedly to keep up the facade of confidence.
Parent behavior – young people that live with parents that are fond of using drugs may end up following in the same footsteps. This is also applicable to older family members including uncles and cousins. It is possible that older people using drugs or alcohol will keep these products in the house which ultimately gives the young ones easy access.
Financial and academic pressure – when teenagers are having a difficult time with their studies they may opt for a variety of drugs. Some teens may go for drugs such as Adderall which allows them to study more while others simply go for something that will get them high enough to forget about the issues at school. Adults that are going through difficult financial times may also opt for drug abuse as a way of escaping from reality and having some peace of mind.
Boredom – people that are unable to find anything to do with their free time may end up getting into substance abuse. This is why parents are encouraged to keep their young ones busy during the holidays. Taking them on camping trips or organizing fun activities can be a way to discourage use. Adults that find themselves feeling bored should consider engaging in activities such as swimming, going out to the movies or visiting a local gym.
History of trauma – individuals that have a history of trauma can get into the habit of drug abuse. Young girls that have been sexually abused tend to use drugs as a way of dealing with their bad experience. Teens who have to deal with abusive parents may also use drugs to keep them calm and boost their self-esteem.
Lack of communication – when people are going through difficult times one of the things that can motivate them to remain positive is communication. Parents that encourage their children to share all their problems are less likely to deal with teen drug abuse when compared to those who hardly ever make the time to talk to their children. The same logic can be applicable to people who are in a relationship. The minute one partner cuts off communications the other one may end up abusing drugs to numb the emotional pain they may be going through.
Recreation – a lot of people use drugs and alcohol as a way of having fun. This usually takes place over the weekends and holidays. The bad news is that most of the people that use these drugs for recreational purposes hardly ever take the time to learn about the possible negative consequences that may arise after some time of use.
Risk Factors for Drug Abuse
Risk factors are basically some of the things that increase the chances of an individual using or abusing substance.
Lack of parental supervision – teens that are left alone for long periods of time without any form of supervision by an older member of the society are at a greater risk of using drugs. The freedom they are given may be misused because they know no one will take notice of their actions.
Peer use – people that have friends or relatives that use drugs are likely to start using. This is made even easier if their friends or relatives fall within the same age bracket.
Availability of drugs – individuals that live in a house that does not have illicit drugs or alcohol may never really get a chance to interact with the substance. Those who live in houses that have these substances are likely to come into contact with them and possibly try them out. This is why some states tend to have a higher number of marijuana users while others may have more heroin users. It all depends on the type of drug that is available in the locality.
Poverty – studies have shown that people who are poor are more likely to abuse drugs when compared to those who are financially stable. The poor cannot afford to go on vacations, spend time shopping at the malls or go out and have a couple of beers. Instead they can only afford hard drugs which give them instant highs and make them feel happy for a short time.
Lack of education – people that do not receive quality education may not be aware of the dangers of abusing drugs and alcohol. They may opt to engage in illegal activities including selling or transportation of illicit drugs. This is because they do not really qualify for any lucrative job opportunities.
How To Get Help For Drug Addicts
Having established that an individual is suffering from addiction it is imperative for anyone that is concerned to seek help on behalf of the addict. Talking to a local health official, religious or community leader can be a good way to get help. You can also seek assistance by calling drug abuse hotline numbers that have been shared on social media or other platforms. Failure to get help for an individual that is already abusing drugs can be catastrophic. Such people may end up causing physical harm to themselves or other members of the society. They also risk being found guilty of criminal activity which may mean they have to serve some kind of jail sentence. According to SAMHSA’s National Survey on Drug Use and Health taken in 2014 over 22 million people in the US need help when it comes to drug related issues. However, a paltry 4.2 million receive help on a yearly basis. Here are some of the reasons why friends and family members fail to seek help for a loved one that is abusing drugs.
Shame: there are a number of people that feel ashamed of dealing with drug abuse issues. To avoid embarrassment they overlook their loved one’s situation. Their supposed shame makes it almost impossible for them to approach someone else for advise and help.
Fear of government: because a number of drugs are illegal it is easy to understand why people may be reluctant to seek help. The key is to report the issue to someone you find trustworthy who will then offer guidance on where to find help. Calling a drug addiction hotline can be a good way to receive directions on what to do regardless of the type of drug that is being used.
Denial: there are a lot of drug addicts that do not seek help because they do not believe they are addicted to substance use. Such people can never really receive help until such a time that they will accept their condition and allow professionals to initiate treatment.
Fear of the addict: some family members are afraid of seeking help because the drug user is probably an older member of the family or someone that is quite aggressive and may end up starting a fight.
Negative repercussions at school or job: some people avoid seeking help because they are apprehensive of the possible issues that may arise at work or school. This makes it necessary for them to keep their problem a secret.
Lack of awareness: some people do not seek help because they have no idea where to begin. They are also unaware of the various treatment options that are available both locally and outside their area of residence.
Hope problem will resolve itself: a surprisingly large number of people actually believe that the problem will go away on its own. Such people think the issue is only a phase in their lives or the life of a loved one.
Lack of motivation: when individuals have been using drugs for a long time they tend to lose all hope. They believe they are failures in life and that no one cares for them. At this point they have no motivation to receive help. Some of the people that have reached this point continue using drugs hoping to die. Others even go to the extent of trying to commit suicide.
Steps Involved for Addiction Recovery
There are various steps involved in addiction treatment and recovery. Having knowledge of them can help just about anyone understand how treatment is done.
This is the first stage of addiction recovery It involves relatives and friends getting to act on behalf of the patient. Having made contact with professionals family members and friends are advised on how to approach the situation in such a way that the drug addict is not irritated. Each member of the family will be involved in intervention plans that are aimed at making the addict realize the pain he or she may be causing to other people. Intervention also allows the addict to realize the health, financial and social dangers that they are going through. If done correctly intervention can be all it takes for the addict to accept help.
At this point the drug addict has accepted the fact that they are unable to quit using drugs on their own and therefore require professional help. At this point a professional counselor or doctor will note down the history of drug abuse and run certain physical tests to ascertain the health dangers. The individual will also be asked certain questions to help the doctor gauge psychological issues that have to be dealt with during the process of treatment. Assessment results are key to formulating a personalized treatment program for the patient.
At this point professionals have established the extent to which the individual has been affected by drug abuse. The gender, faith and age of the patient is recorded to ensure that they can be enrolled in an effective treatment program. Family members are informed about the costs involved in treatment and the options available for payment. Depending on the circumstances of the drug addict they may be enrolled to an inpatient or outpatient treatment facility.
Intake basically refers to the day a patient is admitted into a treatment program. At this stage the family or guardian of the addict has agreed to the terms that are laid down and initial payment has been done. The patient can then be taken through orientation in a medical facility.
Because no two people have the same personality or drug addiction problems doctors often come up with personalized treatment techniques for each of their patients. This makes it possible for progress to be achieved within 90 days. Individuals that are severely affected by drug abuse may have to be treated for about 18 months. Find out if Inpatient vs. Outpatient is right for you.
Once a patient has successfully gone through a treatment program they are discharged from the rehabilitation facility. However, caregivers will continue keeping an eye on the patient to ensure that they do not relapse or go back to drug use. Aftercare is meant to provide reinforcement for the skills and knowledge that was imparted during treatment. Caregivers also encourage the individual to continue living a sober life as a way of protecting their own health and the welfare of family members.
Drug Addiction Treatment in Ohio State
While different rehabilitation centers may offer unique techniques for treating their patients depending on the type of drug and the severity of the addiction, the truth is that there are certain processes that are common in just about all the centers, including Ohio rehab centers. Addiction treatment is usually structured in such a manner that it helps the patient stop further use of drugs and forestall any future relapses. Effective treatment ensures that the individual becomes a productive member of the society capable of forming and maintaining healthy social relationships. Here is a look at some of the things that are commonly involved in addiction treatment.
Detoxification – this refers to the process of cleansing the body from the substance it is addicted to. The process is necessary for individuals that have become substance dependent. Doctors run lab tests to ascertain the exact substance and the amount currently circulation in the system. This allows them to come up with effective detox techniques. Part of the treatment here involves explaining to the patient what he or she can expect during detox. Another feature of detoxification involves consuming select foods that help speed up the process while ensuring the patient is well nourished. The third component of detoxification involves administration of the substance in lesser amounts until the patient’s body no longer needs it.
Medication – doctors may have to provide medicine to help in dealing with health complications. Addicts that have conditions such as HIV, Hepatitis or any other infections that occured due to a weakened immune system or sharing of needles must be given specialized medical care. Failure to treat such health problems may mean that the patient will end up succumbing to the effects of the conditions that are prevailing. Another aspect of medication involves suppression of withdrawal effects. Keep in mind that some of the most difficult times for an addict are the first few hours or days of ceasing from substance use.
Counselling – this part of treatment involves the patient and a therapist or counselor talking about the issues that surround addiction and general life choices. Such talks are aimed at helping the patient come to terms with the consequences of drug abuse to personal welfare and that of close family members. Counseling allows patients to develop skills that enable them realize dangerous thought patterns and how to break away from them. It gives them a new way to think, act and feel. This is key to both short and long term sober living.
Spiritual teachings – individuals that were religious prior to drug addiction face a lot of spiritual challenges because of the things they may have done while battling their addiction. They end up having to deal with guilt and thoughts of going to hell. Such patients are given spiritual nourishment to help them realize that human beings are prone to making errors but can always resolve to pick up their lives and pursue a greater and more noble spiritual purpose.
Aided comfort – when patients cease from using drugs they end up experiencing painful sensations and depressing moments. Rehabilitation centers have devices, caregivers and techniques that are specially developed to provide care that is able to ease the pain or effects of withdrawal. This allows the patient to enjoy some level of comfort during withdrawal.
Physical therapy – some patients hurt themselves while using drugs. Such people may have been involved in accidents or violent incidents that can render them unable to move or use their limbs. To correct the situation, doctors may recommend physical therapy which can help the patient regain lost abilities. Physical therapy such as massages an be ideal for soothing patients that are going through stress and physical pain.
Motivational talks – treatment of drug addiction must involve emotional and psychological care. Most drug addicts are encouraged to identify motivational issues that can help them stay on course for getting sober and staying that way. For some people taking care of their families is a strong motivational factor while others may find inspiration from the fact that their recovery acts as can example for other people that are battling addiction.
Support groups – these are groups formed by people who are going through similar experiences. Individuals in these groups come together at designated times and share their personal experiences. This allows others to learn from them while also providing some form of support. Members of these groups build bonds that are able to help in various aspects of life including professional and social partnerships. It is worth pointing out that support groups make up part of the aftercare that is needed for recovered addicts to stay sober.
For a patient to achieve full recovery it is imperative that they go through the entire process of treatment. Stopping treatment at any point other than the final stage may lead to relapse.
This is treatment provided to patients that are staying at a rehabilitation center. Before a doctor recommends this type of treatment he or she must ascertain that the patient is extremely affected by addiction. Most of the times people who have become physically and psychologically dependant on substance are offered this type of service. Inpatient care has its own advantages and disadvantages as noted below.
24 hour care – individuals under this program are able to receive special care around the clock. This means they do not have to go through withdrawal on their own. They have highly skilled caregivers that make treatment as comfortable as possible. In case of emergencies the patients are able to receive rapid response from professional health workers.
Undivided attention – individuals under this program do not have to worry about daily chores or activities. All their time is dedicated to coming up with solutions to problems that affect them. Such people are isolated from the financial, social or mental problems that may be triggering their need for drugs or alcohol.
No access to substance – in a number of cases people find themselves abusing drugs because they have easy access to it. Inpatient care gives the patient an opportunity to recover without the temptations they have to deal with when out in the world. Keep in mind that there are no drugs or alcoholic drinks available at the treatment center.
Community support – while at the rehabilitation facility the patient is able to build new friendships with people who are going through similar circumstances. The patient becomes part of solutions that may help other people in the community.
High costs – inpatient care is significantly costlier when compared to outpatient care. This is because the patient is monitored on an ongoing basis. It is also important to note that patients receive specialized care involving administration of medication and physical therapy.
Isolation from family – while undergoing treatment patients are unable to interact with family and friends except for a few hours. This means they are deprived of the love and care of family and friends.
Loss of certain freedoms – while undergoing treatment a patient loses some of his or her freedoms. They have to adhere to the rules and regulations of the treatment center. This includes eating or sleeping at designated times, inability to leave the rehab center and having access to a limited number of fun activities.
Interruption of daily lifestyle – patients under this program are unable to continue pursuing their daily obligations such as studies and work. They have to put their life on hold to complete treatment before they resuming their normal activities.
Insurance challenges – some insurance providers are only willing to cater to outpatient treatment payments. People have to make alternative arrangements to pay for inpatient care.
This is treatment given to drug addicts without requiring them to stay at the rehabilitation center. Doctors recommend this form of care for individuals that have not been extremely affected by drug use. In most cases such individuals are still able to go to work or attend classes without experiencing any difficulties. Here are some of the advantages and disadvantages of outpatient care.
Lower costs – the amount of money you are required to pay is relatively cheaper when compared to the amount paid for inpatient treatment. This is because the patient only spends a short time at the facility and does not require any special care.
No interruption to daily life – individuals under this program are able to go to work and attend classes without any interruptions. They only have to visit rehabilitation centers at stipulated times.
Family sessions – unlike inpatient care where family members hardly ever spend time with the patient, outpatient care may feature special sessions that require family members to attend. This helps in building stronger relationships and gives each member of the family the knowledge required to deal with a drug abuse patient.
Convenient sessions – most counselling or treatment sessions take place in the evening or weekends when the patient is free from obligations.
Insurance cover – there are a lot of insurance companies that are able to make payments on behalf of patients that are undergoing this type of treatment.
High risk of relapse – the patient is still exposed to the triggers or influences that used to push them to drug abuse. There is no one keeping a close eye on the patient meaning that drug use can continue without people ever noticing it.
Longer recovery time – it may be difficult for an individual going through the same old routine to focus on recovery. Such a patient takes a longer time to recover from addiction.
Limited access to a counselor – when dealing with issues of stress or depression people under inpatient care get unlimited access to counselors who offer reassurance and coping techniques. Patients under outpatient programs only talk to their counselors for a limited period of time. This makes it difficult to open up and find solutions to deep seated problems.
Difficult withdrawal – people under inpatient care get elaborate help when it comes to dealing with withdrawal side effects. Those under outpatient programs are not always able to find help when symptoms becomes unbearable.
Lack of support partners – a lot of people that receive inpatient care build strong bonds and friendships. This helps them have reliable support once they are out of treatment. Outpatient care hardly gives the patient the time to build new friendships that can be integral to sober living.
Types of Rehab Facilities
There are a variety of rehabilitation facilities with each one having its unique advantages. Here are some of the rehabs available for addiction treatment.
Teen rehab centers – these are centers designed to cater to the treatment of individuals between 14 to 21 years of age. They offer treatment options specific to this age group in order to achieve exceptional results.
Women rehab centers – these are centers built to cater to the needs of women only. They do not accept patients that are male.
Male rehab centers – these are centers that are designed to offer special care to men dealing with drug addiction. They do not accept female patients.
Mixed adult centers – these are centers that offer treatment to anyone that has attained the age of 18 and above. They have programs that are ideal for just about anyone regardless of gender.
Luxury rehabilitation centers – these are centers designed to offer special treatment without compromising the elegant lifestyles of their patients. They are built in such a way that they offer state of the art amenities and services. They are more expensive when compared to other types of facilities.
Executive rehabilitation centers – these are centers designed in such a way that they allow people to continue with their career obligations. They offer patients the opportunity to access office space and other equipment necessary for getting work done.
How To Choose The Right Rehab For A Loved One
Choosing the right rehabilitation facility for yourself or a loved one is key to getting proper treatment and achieving exceptional results when it comes to sober living. Here are some of the things you should be keen on when making your selection. If you need help concerning any of the following, you can always call us. We have professionals on hand that offer caring, supportive guidance with access to a variety of different treatment facilities and financial assistance options. You can also find answers here: Questions About Rehab
The costs – the total amount of money to be paid to the rehabilitation center must be taken into consideration. It is prudent to get in touch with several centers and inquire about their pricing. Compare the rates against the services offered before making up your mind. Avoid centers that are too expensive for you to comfortably afford. This will guard against getting into financial difficulties or dropping out midway through treatment due to lack of funds.
The location of the center – rehabilitation centers that are located within your locality may be cheaper and easier for family members or friends to visit. However, those that are outside the city or your locality offer the patient ample time to reinvent themselves away from the influences that may have pushed them to drug abuse and addiction.
Payment options – there are treatment centers that accept private insurance payment while others only accept cash. It is important for you to find out about the options available for payment before you make up your mind. It is worth pointing out that some centers may offer treatment for free provided you are able to meet their criteria.
Type of addiction treatment – there are centers that specialize in alcohol addiction while others are better equipped to handle patients that have addictions to other substances. Finding out if a particular center has been handling your type of addiction is a good way to clear any doubts before enrolling to its program.
Consider the patient – if the patient is a teenager it is prudent to enroll them to a teen rehabilitation center. The same applies to women and men. The faith or religious beliefs of the patient should also be taken into consideration. The last thing you want is to enroll an individual with muslim beliefs in a christian center. This may only end up causing more confusion to the patient.
License and certification – before you enroll a loved one to any program you must be sure to verify that the rehabilitation center has been licensed and certified. This is the best way to guard against getting treatment from people that are not qualified to do the work that is set out. How do I know if my rehab is licensed?
Consider reputation – the reputation of the facility you pick must be above reproach. Talk to a few people who have had their loved ones treated in rehabilitation facilities to get their opinions on the best centers. You can also learn about reputation by reading through online rating sites.
Qualified medical staff – if the patient is severely affected by drug abuse and addiction it is imperative that you enroll them in a facility that has qualified medical workers. This will ensure the patient receives the right type of medication and monitoring. Additionally these medical workers should be able to offer services on a 24 hour basis because that is the only way to guarantee that the patient does not go through painful withdrawal experiences.
Aftercare – the rehabilitation facility you pick should be able to provide aftercare services to patients that have completed their treatment programs. This will help in keeping the individual sober when he or she gets back to normal living.
Things To Keep In Mind
Drug use and abuse is dangerous – the use of illegal drugs can lead to a number of consequences including damage to internal organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and liver. This has the potential of leading to paralysis and death. Use or possession of illicit substances can lead to imprisonment or other unpleasant penalties as stipulated by the law.
Drug addiction can be treated – drug addiction is a physical and psychological condition that affects drug users. Unless these people are given professional care they may never recover. Failure to get treatment may lead to death through overdose, suicide and organ damage. Regardless of how severe the addiction may be treatment is possible.
Anyone can be an addict – addiction can affect just about any member of the family regardless of age or gender. In case someone in your family is going through such a problem it is upon you to intervene and seek professional help. This is because the addict may not be able to reach out for help on their own.
Rehabilitation centers offer the best remedy – if a loved one is battling addiction seeking help from a rehabilitation center is the best remedy. Such facilities have skilled workers that offer treatment based on tried and tested techniques to ensure that patients recover from addiction and lead productive lives.
Sober living facilities – after completing treatment at rehabilitation centers, patients may be enrolled in sober living facilities to help them stabilize their lives as they go back to normal living and interaction with other members of the society.