Thursday, April 18, 2019

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Drug Addiction Treatment in Grand Prairie, Texas

Grand Prairie is a city in Dallas County, Texas, with a population of roughly 185,000. Located in the Mid-Cities region of the state, Grand Prairie straddles the border between the Tarrant and Dallas counties. This low-lying city is part of the humid subtropical region and has an extensive history of flooding. Like many parts of Texas and the United States, Grand Prairie is struggling with a number of substance-related problems at the moment, including prescription opioid abuse and addiction. Alcoholism and illegal drugs also continue to cause problems in this part of Texas, including heroin, cocaine, marijuana, and methamphetamine. If you know anyone in Grand Prairie or elsewhere who is living with a substance use disorder, it’s important to reach out to a professional treatment center as soon as you can. Grand Prairie drug rehabs are here to help.

If you live in Grand Prairie, and have fallen victim to substance abuse don’t hesitate to seek treatment. There are enormous resources in at your disposal.
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Demographics and Crime in Grand Prairie

Grand Prairie has quite a diverse racial profile for this part of Texas, with the population being 52.6 percent White, 20 percent African American, 6.5 percent Asian, and 3.2 percent from two or more races. Overall, 42.7 percent of the population identify as Hispanic or Latino. In the latest census, there were 43,791 households in the city, 54.9 percent of who were married couples and 41.3 percent who had children under the age of 18. The median income for a household in Grand Prairie was $46,816 in the census, with the median income for a family being $51,449. This means that 8.7 percent of all families and 11.1 percent of the entire population were living below the poverty line. Poverty has a direct influence on drug abuse and addiction rates, with people from low income areas also finding it difficult to access rehab and other treatment services.

According to Neighborhood Scout, Grand Prairie has a crime index of 22, meaning it is safer than 22 percent of United States cities. The overall crime rate in the city is 26.91 per 1,000 residents, which includes violent crime at 3.08 per 1,000 residents and property crime at 23.83 per 1,000 residents. Both of these figures are lower than the Texas and national averages, which are 4.34 and 4.00 for violent crime and 27.6 and 25 for property crime respectively. Property crimes are often the result of drug abuse, with people stealing in order to generate money for their addiction. The Grand Prairie Narcotics Unit is assigned to the Investigative Services Bureau, with this important task force dealing with street-level narcotic enforcement and other quality of life issues in the Grand Prairie community.

Common Drug Problems in Grand Prairie and Texas

Substance abuse and addiction is a huge concern in Grand Prairie and across the state of Texas, including prescription drug abuse and illegal drug abuse. The opioid epidemic that is currently sweeping across the United States has taken hold in Grand Prairie, with drugs like fentanyl and hydrocodone responsible for more overdose deaths than ever before. Powerful prescription opioids are often mixed with heroin to generate more profits and provide a more potent effect. Heroin abuse and addiction is also a growing concern across Texas, with prescription opioid addicts often gravitating to this dangerous street drug as a way to satisfy their opioid dependence.

According to a 2011 survey of participating secondary school students in Texas, 3.3 percent of students had used heroin at least once in their lifetimes, a number that has risen from 2.1 percent in 2009 and 2.4 percent in 2007. While heroin makes up a small percentage of drug seizures in Texas, there is a growing demand for Mexican black tar heroin in the state. Cocaine and methamphetamine abuse are also significant problems in Grand Prairie and Texas. While these drugs are not associated with physical dependence and to not cause as many overdose deaths, professional treatment is still needed to help break the bonds of addiction.  

Signs and Symptoms of Drug Abuse

Drug abuse is a common problem in modern society, with people misusing and over-using a range of legal and illegal substances. Commonly abused psychoactive substances include the legal drugs alcohol and nicotine, the prescription medications Valium and Percocet, and the illegal street drugs heroin and methamphetamine. Despite the prevalence of drug abuse in modern day American, it can be difficult identifying drug problems during the early stages of abuse. People often go to extreme lengths to hide their drug taking behavior from friends and family, with secrecy and denial both common. While many of the warning signs of drug abuse are related to specific substances, if you’re concerned about someone you love, there are some general signs to look out for.

– unexplained mood swings

– unexplained physical and mental health problems

– unexplained financial problems

– changes to eating and sleeping patterns

– developing tolerance to certain substances

– losing interest in favorite recreational activities

– consuming drugs more often

– impulsive or compulsive drug taking

– ongoing drug consumption despite adverse effects

Drug Dependence and Drug Addiction

Physical Drug Dependence

Drug and alcohol problems can manifest in many ways, from irregular abuse patterns through to dependence and addiction. Physical drug dependence is recognized by the existence of physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms when drug use is discontinued. While these symptoms vary widely according to the drug being abused, possible symptoms may include cramps, headaches, aches and pains, seizures, hallucinations, and delirium tremens. Many of these symptoms can cause problems if they are not treated properly, with medications often used to help stabilize patients during the detoxification process.

Physical drug dependence is typically associated with central nervous system (CNS) depressants, including alcohol, heroin, morphine, oxycodone, hydrocodone, fentanyl, Valium, Xanax and many others. CNS stimulants such as methamphetamine and Adderall are unlikely to cause physical dependence, with these drugs associated with motivational and emotional withdrawal symptoms instead. It’s important to note, however, that physical drug dependence is often accompanied by psychological symptoms as well. Doctors and treatment clinicians will always try to identify physical dependence at the outset of treatment, so that patients can be directed towards detox and appropriate medication therapies. 

Psychological Drug Dependence

Psychological drug dependence can be harder to identify than physical dependence, with some people struggling with drug-related problems for months or years before they take action. Psychological dependence is recognized by the existence of emotional and motivational withdrawal symptoms, including things like mood swings, anxiety, depression, intense drug cravings, and emotional distress. While these symptoms are not as acute or potentially life-threatening as those associated with physical dependence, they can cause significant problems if they’re not addressed. Psychological dependence is not typically treated with medical detox or medication therapy, with patients often directed immediately to inpatient or outpatient rehab.

Drugs that are known to cause psychological dependence alone include marijuana, amphetamine, methamphetamine, MDMA, Adderall, Ritalin and many more. Other than marijuana, all of these substances are CNS stimulants. It’s important to note, however, that physical drug dependencies also cause emotional and motivational withdrawal symptoms in most cases. Before starting out on a treatment plan, doctors and clinicians will attempt to differentiate between physical and psychological dependence.

Drug Addiction

Psychoactive drug problems can manifest in many ways, including abuse, dependence, and addiction. While the terms ‘dependence’ and ‘addiction’ are often used interchangeably, they are actually very different and need to be treated in different ways. While dependence is recognized by the existence of a withdrawal syndrome when drug use is stopped or reduced, addiction is recognized by compulsive consumption patterns despite adverse consequences. While these two things often go together, they can also exist separately from each other. For example, someone with a long-term health problem can become physically dependent on their medication without developing compulsive and uncontrolled use patterns.

Addiction is defined as a brain disorder that develops as the result of compulsive and repeated exposure to certain stimuli. While psychoactive substances are the most common class of addiction in modern day America, people can also develop behavioral addictions such as sex addiction, gambling addiction, food addiction, exercise addiction, and computer addiction among others. In order for something to be classified as potentially addictive, it has to meet two specific criteria: reinforcing, and rewarding. For example, people with drug or alcohol problems will seek repeated exposure to substances in order to reinforce behavioral patterns and reward neural pathways in the brain. In order to treat drug addictions successfully, people need to make new psychological and behavioral associations and develop new brain connections. 

What is the difference between physical and psychological addiction?

Prescription Drug Abuse

People get addicted to a wide range of psychoactive substances, including prescription medications. While street drugs such as methamphetamine and heroin still get most of the media attention, prescription drugs are responsible for more overdose deaths than ever before. There are three different classes of prescription medications that are widely abused: opioids, sedatives, and stimulants. Opioid painkillers are the most widely abused, with examples including Percocet, Vicodin, morphine, hydrocodone, oxycodone, fentanyl and many others. These CNS depressants are highly addictive and capable of causing overdose relatively easily. There is currently an opioid epidemic sweeping across Texas and the United States, with these drugs now responsible for more deaths each year than motor vehicle accidents. 

Sedatives are the second most widely abused class of prescription drugs, including benzodiazepines and barbiturates. Commonly abused benzodiazpines include Valium, Klonopin, and Xanax among others. These drugs are also CNS depressants, also highly addictive, and also responsible for overdose deaths across the Untied States. Opioid and sedative dependence is typically treated through a combination of medical detox and rehab, with medications needed to reduce the severity of dangerous withdrawal symptoms. Stimulants are the third most widely abused class of prescription drugs, including ADHD medications like Ritalin and Adderall. While these substances do not need medical detox or support in most cases, rehab is still advised to help break the bonds of addiction. Common methods of prescription drug abuse include:

– using larger doses than prescribed

– combining medications

– using medications prescribed for someone else

– using a different method of administration than intended

– buying medications or scripts on the black market

– using medications in a different way than intended by a doctor

Intake and Assessment

Before starting a drug treatment program, it’s important to go through a detailed intake and assessment procedure. During this process, clinicians will look at things like the history of drug abuse, the extent of drug abuse, the substance of abuse, and any lifestyle factors that may inhibit the treatment process. This is a very important part of the treatment process because it helps people to access the right kind of treatment for their individual situation. For example, people with physical drug dependencies often need to go directly into a medical detox program, while those with drug abuse or psychological dependency issues can often go straight into rehab.

External lifestyle factors that may influence treatment intake include dependent children, mental health issues, criminal justice issues, dual diagnosis, behavioral addictions, and homelessness among others. Clinicians will attempt to identify these problems as early as possible so that people can go into appropriate treatment streams. For example, residential treatment may be impossible for people who have dependent children to look after, and people with co-occurring mental health disorders may need to access specialized rehabilitation. Once the assessment and intake procedure has taken place, patients will be directed into either detox or rehab according to a risk assessment defined by their individual circumstances and medical needs.

Medical Detox

Medical detoxification is the first stage of drug treatment for many people, especially when physical-somatic withdrawal symptoms are present or likely to develop. Detox is defined as the process and experience of a withdrawal syndrome when drugs or alcohol are discontinued or consumption levels are dramatically reduced. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), comprehensive detox involves a three stage process: evaluation, stabilization, and consultation. During the first stage, physical and psychological tests are carried out to ensure the safety of the patient prior to medication. During the second stage, medications are normally used to reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms and help manage the process. While rapid detox can be used to stabilize patients without the use of medications, this practice can be risky and is rarely advised. The third stage of detox attempts to guide patients into further treatment, with detox never enough when administered in isolation. 

What is withdrawal? How long does it last?

Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation is the cornerstone of drug treatment. While detox helps people to withdrawal safely from drugs and alcohol, it does very little to address the emotional and mental issues that surround drug addiction. Rehab programs are designed to do exactly this, with a range of motivational, cognitive, and behavioral programs administered to help people with long-term recovery. Rehab programs vary widely in terms of their length and intensity, from single sessions and weekend programs through to immersive six month courses. Typical programs will last anywhere from a couple of weeks to a few months, with aftercare sessions also available to help people reintegrate with everyday life. During rehab, treatment programs are based on either pharmacotherapy or psychotherapy.

Also known as medication therapy, pharmacotherapy programs utilize medications to help people through the recovery process. While medications are often limited to the detox phase of drug treatment, opiate replacement therapy and other treatments may be needed in the weeks and months that follow drug discontinuation. Most rehab programs are based on psychotherapy routines, including things like cognitive-behavioral therapy, family therapy, motivational interviewing, and conventional 12-step facilitation. While these treatment paradigms analyze the problem of drug addiction from different angles, they all attempt to recognize and change the unhealthy behavior patterns associated with drug addiction.

Inpatient Rehab

Also known as residential rehab, inpatient programs involve intensive treatment in a live-in environment. Inpatient rehab structures include residential treatment centers (RTC) and partial hospitalization (PHP) among others. While this kind of treatment can be expensive, it provides comprehensive support on an around-the-clock basis. Residential programs are recommended for people with a long history of drug addiction, those who need to access medications and medical support staff at all hours, and anyone who wants to escape their problematic home environment. Luxury residential programs are available across Texas, with people often able to recover better when they are in an inspiring and beautiful location.

Outpatient Rehab

Outpatient rehab allows people to live at home and carry out regular family and work commitments while receiving treatment. Intensive outpatient rehab (IOP) is the most comprehensive level of care, with full-time 9-5 programs available up to five days each week. A number of part-time outpatient programs are also available across Texas, with individual treatment sessions available a few times each week for the duration of the program. Common methods of outpatient treatment include group counseling, contingency management, family therapy, and 12-step support groups. While these programs are not as comprehensive as full-time residential care, they are more affordable and offer a greater degree of flexibility.  

Should I choose inpatient or outpatient?

Relapse Prevention

Also known as recidivism, relapse is a common outcome of drug addiction treatment. According to NIDA, roughly 50 percent of all treatment admissions relapse at some stage, with some people returning to drugs and alcohol immediately after treatment and others relapsing months or even years down the track. In order to reduce relapse rates and promote long-term recovery, patients need to be taught how to recognize triggers and develop new coping skills. Common triggers include anger, frustration, spending time with old friends, spending time at specific locations, loud noises, social events, anxiety and depression just to name a few. If recovering addicts can learn how to recognize these triggers and avoid certain situations, they are much less likely to relapse in the early stages of recovery.

Avoidance strategies are not enough by themselves, however, people also need to be taught how to cope with the challenges of life without resorting to drug or alcohol use. Cognitive-behavioral therapy and traditional counseling play a crucial role in this process, with therapists helping patients to identify the emotional and cognitive distortions that precede drug taking. It’s only when people become mindful of their internal dialogue that they can learn how to avoid making the same impulsive and compulsive decisions they’ve made before. Relapse prevention is an ongoing process, with dedicated techniques and strategies applied during rehab and aftercare programs.

More on Relapse Prevention.

Aftercare

While detox helps people to safely withdraw from drugs and rehab helps them to address the psychological undercurrents of addiction, additional measures are also needed to promote sustainable and long-term recovery. Aftercare programs take many forms, from new programs like SMART Recovery and moral resonation therapy through to conventional 12-step support groups and client-centered counseling. While most aftercare treatments are based on cognitive, motivational, and behavioral techniques, some programs also provide practical support. Sober living environments (SLEs) are a great example of practical support, with these specialized accommodation centers helping people with affordable accommodation and ongoing therapy while they reintegrate with everyday life. If you or anyone you know is struggling with drug or alcohol addiction, it’s important to contact an addiction treatment center in Texas as soon as you can.   

What happens after discharge?

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