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Drug Addiction and Treatment in Round Rock, Texas

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Texas has built a reputation for being tough and rugged, developing with gunslingers and cowboys. Recent years have seen remarkable industrial and technological expansion statewide, beginning with oil and continuing with the high-tech explosion in the latter half of the 20th century.

However, a new kind of development has threatened to undermine its stability and prosperity-the development of smuggling channels nationwide. From El Paso to Brownsville, the entry ports between Texas and Mexico offer opportunities to traffic large quantities of marijuana, heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamine.

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If you live in Round Rock, and have fallen victim to substance abuse don’t hesitate to seek treatment. There are enormous resources in at your disposal.

A major factor that has made it easier to slip drugs across the border is the rise in international trade that originated from the North American Free Trade (NAFTA). Enhanced commercial trade via all ports, particularly those in Texas, Elrado, and Laredo has made it more difficult to detect drug shipment.

The drug problem has extended to cities such as Round Rock, which has grown from its humble beginnings. From external appearances, Round Rock is a beautiful and prosperous community located north of Austin.

However, a secret lies within Round Rock and neighboring cities, including Manor and Cedar Park. The prevalent abuse of alcohol and drugs by different kinds of people plagues this city and surrounding environs, resulting in far-reaching effects.

Fortunately, as the rate of drug addiction increases so does the accessible treatment facilities. For anybody facing addiction, expert treatment is the best, and in some instances, the only choice.

Although quitting cold turkey without any help is indeed possible, it’s not only difficult but also increases a high likelihood of failure. Professional help however, gives addicts a chance to live a sober life.

Drug Abuse in the US

The American population is more susceptible than ever to drug addiction and abuse. In spite of strong endeavors to curb the epidemic, illegal drugs continue killing thousands of residents annually.

According to CDC or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, almost half a million citizens have died due to drug overdose from 2000-2014; out of this, 47,055 died in 2014. This signifies a 7% increase from the former year.

The agency further reports that opioid-related deaths increased 14% from 2013 and the drugs are involved in over 60% of fatal overdoses. Statistics further reveal that drug addiction and abuse have worsened nationwide as prescription painkillers and heroin continue driving the increase in deaths.

Drug Trafficking in Texas

In the past years, the principal cartels have been rivaling for domination and as the competition intensified, the cartels grew more sophisticated. Moreover, more money went to surveillance equipment and arms and an increase in vicious incidents took place on the two sides of the border in attempts to win or control new turf or obtain debts from drug dealers.

Drug trafficking organizations continuously adapt their operations in reaction to changes in interdiction activities. A recent adaptation appears to be the movement of increased drug quantities through Texas as cartels seeks to flee law enforcement and cartel violence around the Southern California entry ports.

Consequently, Texans have to deal with the effects of the transportation of more drugs along their highways, increased violent crime by cartels and higher levels of drug addiction and abuse, particularly in areas near the border. The major drugs affecting this state are marijuana, cocaine, methamphetamine, and heroin.

Marijuana Problem in Texas

Marijuana is a major drug threat because of the trafficking across and in Texas, not only east-west but also north-south. Although seizures have decreased since 2014, there’s more outdoor and domestic indoor growing in addition to additional supply from states where the drug is decriminalized or legal.

According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), marijuana seems to be the major drug of choice among the U.S. police departments. Additionally, this has led to serious outcomes for numerous communities of color in the state.

In fact, the state is second when it comes to the number of arrests for illegal marijuana possession. This has led to approximately $300 million in the taxpayer’s money due to the apparent failure on the war on drugs. To worsen things, marijuana enforcement has acted as a vehicle for officers to target numerous communities of color.

According to an ACLU report, people of color face a higher likelihood of facing arrest because of marijuana possession. Based on statistics, the high proportion of marijuana-related arrests over the past decade is the result of increased arrests of people of color statewide.

From 1995-2010, there was a 51% increase in the total number of arrests in the U.S. In 2010, more than a quarter of arrests for illegal marijuana possession accounted for this group. In Texas, Dallas and Houston are considered the worst offending in racial disparity when it comes to illicit marijuana possession.

Marijuana Arrests in Texas

In 2007, over 70,000 arrests for illicit marijuana possession occurred in Texas. The same period saw approximately 1, 486,000 marijuana users in the state. Approximately 97% of marijuana arrests in the state during 2007 were because of marijuana possession.

The problem of marijuana arrests and possession in the state continue to grow with a rate of approximately 6.19% yearly.  Besides the rates of arrests, the proportion of users has also increased statewide.

In 2003, there were approximately 1, 482,000 users in the state. This number increased to 1, 486,000 in 2007.  Consequently, the law enforcement officers are facing severe challenges in controlling the alarming problem statewide.

Marijuana Rehabilitation

This drug can be one of the hardest to quit due to the growing social acceptance. Furthermore, most persons with an addiction don’t feel they have an issue and those around them might not perceive it as a problem.

Numerous persons who form a marijuana habit can quit without entering a full-scale treatment facility. However, a treatment facility can be ideal for those in a setting that makes it seemingly impossible to stop marijuana use.

Therapy is the cornerstone for treating marijuana addiction and the objective of therapy is to offer people the ability to cope with or avoid marijuana triggers. This way, relapse won’t occur when they find themselves in tempting situations.

Therapy can also offer lifestyle management and problem-solving skills, so individuals can discover how to build a fulfilling life that doesn’t require drug augmentation.

According to NIDA, persons enrolling in marijuana treatment programs usually have a decade of daily use behind them and the majority has attempted to quit over six times. That implies that the people have a history of considerable dysfunction and they frequently gain from regimented inpatient plans that offer both security and structure.

Numerous people who obtain treatment for addiction undergo behavioral therapy to address their addiction’s psychological aspects. The duration spent undergoing this therapy differs from individual to individual and may last about 12 weeks.

This treatment approach can help patients understand their addictions better. It’s also a great way of arming yourself against relapses and cravings. Support groups are another way of receiving help.

Numerous support groups are accessible to those who wish to quit this habit. For instance, addicts can benefit from Marijuana Anonymous whose model resembles Alcoholics Anonymous. Nevertheless, other programs such as the SMART Recovery program exist for those seeking options outside the conventional 12-step model.

Cocaine Addiction in Texas

Cocaine addiction continues to be one of the most common problems nationwide. According to NIDA, there were almost 6,000 fatal overdoses in 2014-a 42% increase in deaths since 2001. Although the current surge of heroin abuse has dominated legislative and media attention over the past few years, cocaine addiction poses a real threat nationwide.

Crack cocaine and powdered cocaine are easily accessible and often abused statewide. However, the latter is more accessible in bigger metropolitan areas, for instance, Dallas, Austin, and Houston.

Mexican DTOs and criminal groups control the wholesale distribution and transportation of powdered coke. These groups and organizations typically smuggle the drug into Texas from Mexico along the US-Mexico border, especially in South Texas.

In recent years, the drug has gained the repute of being comparatively harmless in a number of circles, probably because of increased heroin overdoses. The reality however, is that thousands continue to die annually from the dangerous and potent drug.

In Texas, the drug is a real concern and the side effects are well known to everyone. While adults predominantly abuse the drugs, teenagers do so as well, unaware of its addictive properties.

Cocaine addiction is a severe problem that requires real-time tackling because of the long-term effects, which include weight loss, irritability, paranoia, and other symptoms that could affect one’s interaction with those around him or her. Furthermore, the drug increases the likelihood of HIV and other life-threatening illnesses.

Statistics on Cocaine Use

  • 1 out of 4 Americans aged between 26 and 34 admit to using the drug at some point in life
  • About 15,000 Americans die annually because of cocaine use and resulting complications
  • About 8.6 million Americans aged 12 and above have used this drug at least once
  • In 2006, crack cocaine was the major drug of abuse in treatment admissions in 2006

Cocaine Rehabilitation

Treating cocaine addiction should start with withdrawal management and detoxification. Bear in mind that overcoming dependency comes with various psychological and physical symptoms and it’s important that the proper management of withdrawal takes place to help users prevent relapse.

Once patients exhibit medical stability, behavioral modification and rehabilitation can start. Different approaches are effective at treating cocaine addiction. Generally, long-term cocaine addiction entails long-term care and counseling. Effective treatment approaches include:

Behavioral Interventions

Numerous behavioral treatments are effective for addressing cocaine addiction, including outpatient and residential approaches. Treatment can occur in an outpatient or inpatient program and recovery starts with learning how to break old habits, cutting ties with drug-using friends and recognizing triggers that increase the desire to use the drug.

Treatment facilities also adopt cognitive-behavioral therapy, which helps cocaine addicts to abstain from the drug and other substances. The fundamental assumption is that learning processes play a significant role in the continuation and development of cocaine dependence and abuse.

Counseling on Emotional and Spiritual Issues

The most difficult facet of recovery and treatment from cocaine involves the intense shame and guilt that most users feel. Indeed, all addicts feel shame since drug-using behavior often conflicts with their morals and values.

The guilt associated with lying, stealing and other behaviors drive addicts to more cocaine use. Dealing with the painful issues takes trust and time. Nevertheless, an experienced counselor can be of considerable help.

Self-help Programs

12-step programs provide support by helping abusers accept their issues by helping and learning from other recovering addicts to recognize that there’s life beyond cocaine. They include Cocaine Anonymous, Alcoholics Anonymous, and Narcotics Anonymous. 12-step programs emphasize assuming responsibility for behavior, self-forgiveness, and making amends.

Inpatient Treatment

These programs are time-limited and at the end, you can decide to transition to an outpatient plan. These programs can cost between $200 and $900 daily depending on the duration, with longer duration costing less per day.

After the process of withdrawal management, most persons will maintain long-term aftercare in a partial hospitalization or outpatient program. It’s important for those seeking treatment to discuss these choices with their therapists and physicians.

Outpatient Treatment

Outpatient treatment permits recovering persons to reside at home throughout treatment. The plans typically cost between $100 and $500 per treatment session. In some programs, individuals may choose between a group and individual therapy. While both are effective, some may favor individual therapy because it’s more confidential while others find that they learn better from group therapy.

Heroin Addiction Statistics in Texas

Heroin in the state comes mainly from Mexico. As of 2012, approximately 35% of the drug was from Asia and little if any, South American or Colombian heroin is available in Texas. According to NIDA, there was a 500% increase in heroin overdose fatalities from 2001-2013. The same report reveals that 319 poisoning deaths occurred in Texas alone in 2013.

A 2014 survey reveals an increasing concern over the increase of black tar heroin. The most common heroin abused in Texas is Mexican black tar because of sharing a border with Mexico.

The most common technique of administering this drug is diluting it in water before injection. Street dealers typically package it in baggies or balloons under the nicknames Mud and Ace of Diamonds. Another concerning trend in the state is the increase in use among young adults and teenagers.

According to a 2011 survey, 3.3% of the student population had used the drug at least once in their lifetime. Student use of the drug is part of a bigger trend of increasing heroin demand in Texas. Furthermore, heroin access has increased because of a reduction in street costs for the opioid.

Heroin Seizures in Texas

Heroin seizures statewide offer vital information regarding this drug. Overall, it makes a small proportion of all reported seizures statewide (4% in 2013). In 2011, the seizure of 636kg of heroin took place; this was similar to the seizure that took place in 2012.

In terms of pricing, Mexican brown and black tar have moderate pricing although prices differ depending on the city. The sale of black tar heroin occurs by paper/balloon/capsule, ounce, gram, or kilogram. In 2013, black tar heroin cost $5-20 per paper/balloon/capsule; $800-3,000 per ounce; $50-150 per gram; and $19,000-6,000 per kg.

Heroin Rehabilitation

Treating heroin addiction typically entails therapy, support groups, medication, and lifestyle changes. The treatments are accessible at inpatient and outpatient facilities. Detoxification is the initial step toward overcoming the drug.

It’s best you don’t detox without the assistance of a physician because heroin withdrawal is frequently painful and could last weeks for some. However, the doctor can prescribe medication for minimizing discomfort and help the body readjust gradually.

Therapy is also a significant aspect of handling underlying behaviors that drove the person to heroin use besides tackling co-occurring disorders such as depression.

Numerous rehab facilities provide heroin treatment throughout the state. However, not all facilities are similar. Therefore, you should ensure the facility is equipped to help you. Rehabilitation options include:

Inpatient

Most former addicts owe their recovery to inpatient rehabilitation, which eliminates the external social and environmental factors that make it difficult to attain sobriety. During rehabilitation, residents have a planned routine that comprises support groups, daily therapy, and activities. Bear in mind that these facilities are different when it comes to the kinds of activities they offer.

Drug Rehabilitation in Round Rock

Recovery programs fall under these categories:

Residential Program

If you wish to get away from the situations and people that offer easy access to alcohol or drugs, a residential plan is the way to go. This program expects you to follow a routine of therapy, counseling, and education.

Partial Hospitalization

With this type, you follow a daily structure in a partial hospitalization plan and may attend group gatherings in some settings. The program may last between a month and six months depending on your particular circumstances.

Outpatient Program

In this setting, you can continue your ordinary life but still attend mandatory counseling sessions, meetings, and health exams. With this plan, you must be wary of temptations outside the treatment facility.

Signs of Drug Addiction

Tolerance

As your body adjusts to the drug and larger doses are essential to attain the original high, changes in sleep, eating habits, and appearance become obvious.

Risky Behavior

The high you obtain from drug use might make you feel untouchable. Therefore, you’re likely to engage in situations and activities that you wouldn’t ordinarily engage in, for instance sharing needles, stealing, and continued use even in the workplace.

Withdrawal Symptoms

In the absence of drugs, withdrawal symptoms related to detox start affecting you almost immediately. Withdrawal symptoms differ depending on the abused drug but generally include restlessness, sweats, chills, and even psychotic behavior.

Stages of Drug Addiction

Experimentation

The initial stage is the most innocuous and for numerous people, it begins as a social event. Teens may drink with friends or at parties while grownups may experiment with drugs for the experience.

Regular Use

Once the person progresses past this phase, regular use of alcohol and drugs ensues. This may comprise consuming drugs or drinking only on weekends, for instance.

Risky Use

With the onset of this stage, severe collateral complications start manifesting as the person’s ordinary life clashes with the instability arising from substance abuse. While some might believe that a drink or two after work is undisruptive, they might not be able to recognize that they’re too drunk to drive.

Dependence

This stage occurs when things start taking a serious turn. Dependence implies that while no physical changes have occurred in the brain’s chemical makeup, people will continue drinking and using drugs irrespective of the impact on their job, health, or friends.

Addiction

During this stage, giving up the substance of abuse is almost impossible regardless of how hard the person may try. Persons in this phase may experience intense and sudden cravings for alcohol or drugs and will act on them until they vanish.

What to Expect During in Rehab

  1. Assessment

An assessment helps physicians develop a tailor-made treatment plan for a recovering addict depending on his or her needs.

  1. Pre-intake

This will help you establish whether the treatment facility offers what you need for treatment and whether you’re suitable.

  1. Intake

This involves you providing your medical history and other relevant information to help the physician establish your general health.

  1. Detox

This process involves the management of withdrawal symptoms under the supervision of a medical practitioner.

  1. Inpatient

This type of plan offers patients a setting in which patients can recover from drug addiction.

  1. Outpatient

This program allows addicts to receive treatment outside the facility.

  1. Aftercare

This follow-up plan seeks to track how a recovering addict is doing upon leaving a treatment facility.

  1. Sober living

These kinds of homes offer a safe environment where recovering addicts transition after leaving a treatment center.

As Texas continues in its war against drugs, the wide range of treatment facilities continue to offer hope to the many who are enslaved to drugs.

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