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Monday, April 23, 2018

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder Information

Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder which may be observed at any given time. Inconsistencies during childhood such as alternating periods of nurturing and unpredictable periods of anger or neglect that seem unrelated to the child’s behavior or an abusive parenting may affect the kind of mood the child would later develop. The child reacts to the unpredictable nurturing with elation and to the periodic abandonment and abuse with withdrawal and depression. Withdrawal of physical nurturances such as when there’s sudden departure or death of a parent or psychological care such as preoccupation with a family problem or birth of a sibling can lead to one of the following responses namely overadapted response, passive-dependent response and characterologic response.

In overadapted response, the child will find security by accepting parental expectations no matter how one-sided they are. As a result, the child is well-behaved and later in life would become a dedicated adult motivated by responsibility and with a high level of investment in doing things well. The person later relieves the experience by attaching to a dominant other or by dedication to a profession, social cause, church, or some other institution. Passive-dependent response happens when the child attempts to re-engage parents and parent-figures by being a helpless baby. The child may demand attention and expects to be taken cared by others. And in characterologic response, the child may attempt to identify with other adults or childhood heroes but forms no meaningful attachments. The result is an adult who has difficulty establishing permanent relationships and has few internalized values.

Taking into consideration about the child’s personality, the child may be oral in character, greedy and demanding. Emotionally, this type of person is immature and who wants to always receive but seldom give. They long for warm relationships, attention, acceptance, and approval. They attempt to resolve conflicts with the use of repression and suppression in efforts to forget and suppress their innermost cravings and conduct. When ill, they exhibit pathological use of rationalization, projection, and introjection. Their personality structure is built on grandiosity and fantasized nurturing parent.

Several classifications of bipolar disorder include manic type, depressed type, circular-cyclic type, and mixed type. Manic type manifest elated behavior and may vary in intensity from hypomania and hypermania. Euphoria is the first sign of the manic type. As their mood increases, they may flit or prance about gaily, dance, laugh, sing and become very talkative. Many ideas are expressed such as writing a book and launching a new invention. Women patients indulge in a heavy application of cosmetics, striking color and dress schemes, flirtatious, coy behavior. Male patients dress in amusing or abbreviated costumes. In order to maintain control of the environment, they resort to rhyming, punning and exhibitionistic behavior. During advanced manic phases, the patient boasts and expresses delusions and self-importance. Irritability may be accompanied by delusions and persecution. Those elated persons are easily distracted by environmental influences and often express a flight of ideas. They often do not eat or sleep well.

Another type of bipolar disorder is the depressed type. Individuals with depressed type of bipolar disorder have reduced and retarded movements and verbal responses. Delusions of guilt and unworthiness, often attached to trivial past incidents, are frequently expressed by the patient. Brooding, self-condemnation and a hopeless outlook are manifested. There is a loss of interest in personal appearance, the complexion is pale, and anorexia, weight loss, and insomnia prevail.

Third type of bipolar disorder is the circular-cyclic type. This is an alteration between the manic and depressive moods. Some are in particular mood for few days before they shift to the other. Others experience longer episodes of mood changes. Mans mood is usually in shorter duration. During mood shifts, the observer sees a marked difference in the patient’s appearance, facial expression and behaviour, such that one gets the feeling that he is observing and talking to an entirely different person.

The fourth type of bipolar disorder is the mixed type. Patients with mixed type bipolar disorder demonstrate coexisting manic and depressive moods. Physically, the person is overactive, restless, and talkative and paces about freely but often fails to attend to or is unable to organize, his daily hygiene, personal care, and other simple requirements of living. Chain smoking may e observed. Emotionally, the patient is depressed, apprehensive, tense and fearful.

Bipolar disorder can be treated using different therapies or drugs. Psychotherapy is not effective as a treatment for these patients since the patient is unreachable during the attack. Tranquilizing drugs could be given during the manic phase. Antidepressant drugs for depressed types of patients. For those patients who do not respond well to drugs, electrotherapy can be done. And adequate diet, attention to personal hygiene, rest and social therapeutic activities are essential supportive means.

If you do believe you have this so-called “mental disorder” then you will have to decide which path you want to take. Before making any major decisions it is always a good idea to check with your doctor as well as have as much information as possible before making that all-important decision.

You want to know what the symptoms are, what signs to look for, what medications are used to treat manic depression, what adverse effects these medications have on you emotionally and physically, what types of depression there are, what alternatives to medications may be available, and what works on getting rid of bipolar disorder out of your life. Some choose medications others choose alternative health products and life styles.

Statistics and professional psychologists and psychiatrists tell us the exact cause of bipolar is not known. Psychiatrists agree this is a very serious mental health problem, and it is, but that doesn’t mean we can’t do something about it. There are many theories including chemical imbalances in the brain. Other psychiatrists tell us bipolar tendencies are inherited.

We need to be empowered to take control over the bipolar disorder that’s affecting our brains. Once you realize what it is that may have contributed to your present mental state you can simply stop doing that.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar Disorder affects many people worldwide, and it is now much more widespread than was previously thought. There are many symptoms of Bipolar Disorder, which range from two stages of Bipolar Disorder, but both types of the disorder will manifest itself in a depressive episode or a hypomanic episode. There are quite a few symptoms of bipolar disorder, which are often misinterpreted as ADHD and other psychological disorders.

The symptoms of bipolar disorder (depression) are mainly, but not restricted to:

Loss of appetite: People usually suffer from an extreme disinterest in food, even foods which they had with relish before.

Weight loss or gain: sometimes a patient afflicted with Bipolar Disorder gains or loses a lot of weight which usually depends on the body’s reaction to the hormones in the body which are released in abnormal amounts. This is certainly not exclusive to Bipolar patients but is one of the symptoms.

Uncontrollable crying: People suffering from the Bipolar disorder are prone to extreme mood swings. They can be happy one moment and cry uncontrollably the next, for seemingly no reason at all. This can be extremely baffling to a bystander or loved one who doesn’t understand the severity of the condition.

Decreased energy: Bipolar Disorder also often leads to a loss of energy. Energetic people are reduced to lethargic persons with barely any energy even to do simple tasks like lifting and carrying when in Depressive states.

Irritability: Sufferers become extremely irritable and are liable to snap at the smallest provocation.

Loss of interest in activities: People usually lose interest in all activities, even hobbies and sports they were into before. This is also because of loss of energy and general lethargy.

Pessimistic and negative thinking: People with Bipolar Disorder generally think negatively. They are pessimistic and believe things will never be good again. This can lead to suicidal tendencies which have to be watched for and action taken if the patient expresses suicidal thoughts. The patient must be rushed to a doctor in such a case.

Symptoms and characteristics of hypomania include, but are not restricted to:

Grandiosity: People in this stage are known to feel very good about them and have the false sense of grandeur and pride about themselves.

Decreased need for sleep: In a hypomanic stage, manic depressives are usually highly restive and hyperactive and do not require much sleep to maintain their current levels of activity.

Distractability: People suffering from Bipolar Disorder are usually highly distracted and cannot concentrate on one task for any particular length of time, with any degree of regularity.

Racing thoughts: people with Bipolar Disorder in a hypomanic stage usually have racing thoughts, which can lead to rash decisions. This can be particularly dangerous when engaging in sexual activity, or activities like driving etc which can lead to loss of life and injury if not done carefully.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder occur in individuals at a very early age, (e.g. in young adulthood). Bipolar Disorder has to be diagnosed from an early age so that proper medication can be given to the patient. With proper medication and therapy, a patient can lead a relatively successful and normal life, with fulfilling careers and relationships.

Other signs of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar is a type of disorder that produces negative effect on people who got disorders. Bipolar individuals may experience signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder that includes of doing unusual behaviors that leads of causing various unpredictable aspects in daily basis. Bipolar define as one of ailments that can damage on people who suffered this bipolar disorder. There are various facts and myths that can be found on bipolar and essential of seeking out the best way upon determining that necessary of dealing this bipolar disorder.

Based on the research, bipolar usually came from depression that leads individuals to acquire changes that drastically indifferent. The ups and down mood consider as quite essential and also in just a quick period of time, it’s considered as one symptoms of bipolar disorder. It’s very essential to determine the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder as to know the exact medication or therapy to take.

It’s important to determine the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder as to immediately the health condition of the body. The symptoms are usually visible to individuals having bipolar concern upon handling their mood. They are quite cheerful and somehow excited just only a few minutes as they become mad or angry without any reason. With that, it’s quite hard for individuals to experience bipolar disorder. Other symptoms that they can observe are on the sleeping mood.

Usually, patient with bipolar disorder sleep in just a few hours but they don’t actually feel tired on the particular day even they already feel energetic. It’s considered as somewhat unbelievable as most individuals need proper care and sleep. Also, they like to quickly discuss in rapid manner while some individuals who are discussing with them will continually keep their ways. When in the middle of conversation, they like to have a jumping concept and never discuss regarding of having the idea of entire packaging. Those individuals having signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder are having concern of concentrating. They entirely become impulsive and impair on judging.

Sometimes they will actually act without thinking first that they don’t have any idea what they did. The delusions and hallucination are also considered as concern that already happened. Those signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder can easily observe in an early stage. Some individuals have the mere concept that bipolar patients will also experience having a normal life as long they constantly take their medication or undergo therapy. There various treatment available as to recover in this type of disorder and live a normal life with the supportive environment.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

So if a person is diagnosed with bipolar disorder, what is the appropriate treatment for him or her? Patients and the family of the patient must understand that bipolar disorder needs lifetime of treatments. Usually, skilled psychiatrist spearheads the treatment. Patients can also have a team composed of psychiatric nurses, psychologists, and social workers.

Most of the time the initial treatment is administered which the patient takes in medications to stabilize their tempers. When the patients’ symptoms are controlled and managed, the doctor and the patient then discuss the suitable lifetime treatment.

Since bipolar disorder is a lifelong treatment, maintenance or continued treatment is a must to control the disorder. Once the patient misses out on his or her maintenance, he or she is vulnerable to depression or a full-blown mania.

Patients with alcohol and drug problem can suffer extreme difficulty in managing the disorder. In this situation, substance abuse treatment will be applied.

Medications are also available in treating bipolar disorder including mood stabilizers and medications for anxiety and depression. Examples of medications are Lithium, Anticonvulsants, Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Symbyax, and Benzodiazepines. Each patient has different medications depending on what will be effective for their bipolar disorder.

Sometimes, finding the right medications for each patient needs trial and error because there are medications that will only take effect for eight weeks or longer. Normally, doctors need to change the medication one at a time to correctly identify the ones that work with lesser side-effects. Since it’s a trial and error and symptoms change, so it can take months or longer. However, if the patient finds the most suitable medication for him/her, side-effects will decrease and the body can now adapt to the medications and doses.

Psychotherapy must be included in the series of treatments, including cognitive behavioral therapy, education, family therapy, group therapy and other therapies. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective to patients who have severe depression, suicidal act and patients who don’t improve despite the treatments and also for pregnant patients.

It is important for patients to understand bipolar disorder treatment for them to find their suitable treatments.

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